Spores Lesson Plan

Instructor: Suzanne Rose

Suzanne has taught all levels PK-graduate school and has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design. She currently teachers literacy courses to preservice and inservice teachers.

Through discussion of a video-based lesson and a hands-on science experiment, this lesson plan will engage your students in an exploration of asexual reproduction by spores.

Learning Objectives

As a result of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain how plants reproduce using spores
  • describe dispersal adaptations of fungi, mosses, bacteria, and algae
  • conduct an experiment
  • observe and record observations and data
  • use data and observations to make conclusions


60 minutes plus follow-up time to monitor and discuss experiment results over time

Curriculum Standards


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms.


Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks; analyze the specific results based on explanations in the text.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.

Materials Needed

  • Projector or SMART Board
  • Computer with Internet access
  • Mushroom
  • Fern
  • Moss
  • Materials for Activity (Per group):
    • 3 zipper lock, plastic sandwich bags
    • 3 slices of white bread
    • Sharpie or another permanent marker
    • Paper for recording observations


  • Asexual reproduction
  • Bacteria
  • Dispersal adaptations
  • Fungi
  • Mitosis
  • Mycology
  • Spores
  • Sporogenesis


  • To introduce the lesson, display a fern, a mushroom, and a piece of moss on a table or desk. Ask the students if they can think of how these three things are the same. If the students don't identify the similarity, tell them that by the end of the lesson, they should be able to answer that question.
  • Show the video lesson, What Are Spores? Definition & Types using a computer and projector or SMARTBoard.
  • Stop the video at 2:09. Discuss the video with questions, such as:
    • What is a spore?
    • Give one example of a living thing that produces spores for reproduction.
    • What is sporogenesis? How is it related to mitosis?
    • What does the term 'dispersal adaptations' mean? Give two examples of dispersal adaptations used by spores.
  • Restart the video and play it to the end. Following the video, discuss these sections with questions, such as:
    • What are three different types of spores mentioned in the lesson?
    • What is 'mycology?'
    • What are the dispersal adaptations used by mosses to distribute their spores?
    • How are algae spores dispersed?
    • What are some dispersal adaptations used by fungi?
    • How are bacterial spores different from plant and fungal spores? How does this help them survive?
  • To check for understanding of the lesson, display the What Are Spores? Definition & Types Quiz. Have each student write down answers for each question, then review them as a class.

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