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Standardized Tests in Education: Advantages and Disadvantages

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  • 0:07 Standardized Tests:…
  • 1:22 Standardized Tests: Advantages
  • 2:54 Standardized Tests:…
  • 3:57 Factors that Impact…
  • 5:34 Promoting Standardized…
  • 6:26 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Melissa Hurst
Standardized tests are used frequently in educational settings. This lesson will help you understand the advantages and disadvantages of these tests and also explore factors that impact standardized test performance.

Standardized Tests: Background Information

Student: When did we first start using standardized assessments?

Expert: Standardized assessments are defined as assessments constructed by experts and published for use in many different schools and classrooms. These assessments are used in various contexts and serve multiple purposes.

Americans first began seeing standardized tests in the classroom in the early 20th century. Currently, standardized tests are widely used in grade school and are even required in most states due to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.

Student: Most of my test items are multiple-choice. Are all standardized tests multiple-choice?

Expert: Standardized tests may be comprised of different types of items, including multiple-choice, true-false, matching, essay, and spoken items. These assessments may also take the form of traditional paper-pencil tests or be administered via computer. In some instances, adaptive testing occurs when a computer is used. Adaptive testing is when the students' performance on items at the beginning of the test determines the next items to be presented.

Standardized Tests: Advantages

Student: So are all standardized tests good to use?

Expert: Well, actually, there are multiple advantages and disadvantages of these types of tests. Let's talk about the advantages first.

There are many advantages of standardized testing:

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