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State Governor Lesson for Kids: Definition, Facts, Job Description & Duties

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Tammie Mihet

Tammie has taught elementary school for 14 yrs. and holds an MA in Instructional Technology

Explore the job description and duties of a state governor. Discover how one becomes a governor and their responsibility to create state budgets, recommend legislation, veto bills, and command the state's National Guard. Updated: 01/05/2022

A Leader

Every organization needs a leader. A ship needs a captain. A school needs a principal. A team needs a coach. You could probably come up with many more examples yourself. Take a state, for instance. We have fifty states in the United States of America, and each state has a multitude of people that work within its government. But, just like the team players need a coach, all of those state workers need a leader, and that is where a governor steps in! The governor is also known as the head of the state or the chief executive officer. A governor is a state's ultimate decision maker, and with that comes great responsibility!

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  • 0:04 A Leader
  • 0:45 Becoming a Governor
  • 2:07 Responsibilities of a Governor
  • 3:15 Lesson Summary
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Becoming a Governor

Each state has its own constitution, or written document that details how a state's government will be run. Within that document are the rules for who can become the state's governor, how long the term or service of governorship will be, and how many terms they can serve. Although different states disagree on several things regarding the position of governor, all states agree on two things: there can only be one governor at a time, and he or she must be elected by the people.

So what if you aspire to become governor? Most states require the governor to be at least 30 years old; however, in some states you can be as young as 18. Some states require you to be a resident, meaning you must live in that state for at least 10 years, while other states don't require you to live in them at all. Some states require the governor to be a United States citizen, while other states do not.

If you do become governor, depending on your state, you can serve anywhere from a two-year term to a four-year term. Once your term ends, you can run for reelection and try to be voted in again, unless you live in Virginia, where you have to leave office for four years before you can run again. If you don't like that idea, then run for governor in a state like Texas, where you can run for as many terms as your heart desires!

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