Stocks & Pillory: Definition & Punishment

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  • 0:03 Punishments in the…
  • 0:26 Definition of the…
  • 1:21 Punishment for What Crimes?
  • 2:47 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Janell Blanco
In this lesson, stocks and pillory will be defined and explained. You will also go over examples of punishments in which stocks and pillory were used. There will be a short quiz at the end of the lesson.

Punishments in the Colonial Period

Imagine committing a minor crime -- maybe public drunkenness or cheating at cards -- and instead of being punished with fines or probation, being forced to undergo ridicule, chastisement and public humiliation. Punishments in the colonial period included using different devices to put an individual on display to show the public they had committed a crime. These devices were stocks and pillory.

Definition of the Stocks and Pillory

Stocks were wooden or metal devices with foot holes used as punishment until the beginning of the 19th century. The convicted individual was seated and had their feet and ankles locked into the device so that the legs were held out straight.

A pillory was also a wooden or metal device with holes to lock the convicted individual's head and hands in place. It was impossible to sit while in a pillory.

Stock

In this first picture with the metal stock, the offender would sit on the block with their feet and ankles locked into place. Other stocks were wooden, and the offender would have a chair to sit on.

Pillory

The pillory, much like the one pictured here, shows how the offender's head was placed between their two hands. It was common practice for the offender to have stones or rotten food thrown at them while in the pillory.

Offenders would remain in the stock or pillory for the duration of their punishment.

Punishment for What Crimes?

Stocks and pillory were considered a form of public punishment. But what crimes earned these sentences?

In the 1700's, it was considered illegal for men to pose as women and women to pose as men. Offenders would be sentenced to prison time, and in addition to the prison sentence, they would be sentenced to time in the pillory. The offenders that were sentenced to time in the pillory would typically be paraded over to the pillory at noon.

The shops and businesses would close at noon and watch the offenders parade past. The law enforcement officers would then place the offenders in the pillory and then throw mud or rotten food at them. Once the law enforcement officers were done, the town residents were allowed to parade past.

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