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Stolons: Definition & Examples Video

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  • 0:00 What are Stolons?
  • 0:38 Examples
  • 2:01 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Derrick Arrington

Derrick has taught biology and chemistry at both the high school and college level. He has a master's degree in science education.

Plant stems can come in a variety of forms depending on the needs of the plant. In this lesson, you will learn about a type of plant stem known as a stolon.

What are Stolons?

Different plants have varying types of stems with adaptations that help the plant survive and complete its life functions. Stolons, which are sometimes called runners, are a type of horizontal, above-ground stem found in some species of plants that help the plant to propagate efficiently through asexual reproduction. Plants benefit from asexual reproduction because they do not have to be in the general area of another plant to mate, and since no other plants are involved they can reproduce more quickly.

Examples

Stolons are found in strawberry plants, many types of grasses, and numerous other plants. If you ever plant a row of strawberry plants in a garden you will quickly begin to see the role of stolons in their reproduction. Strawberry plants do not reproduce sexually like many other plants by exchanging pollen in the wind or by spreading pollen with the use of insects. Instead, the strawberry plants reproduce asexually using stolons to complete the process.

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