Story Elements Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Melanie Needling
Have you ever wondered what makes up the different parts of stories? In this lesson, you will learn about the different types of story elements, including characters, setting, problem, events, and solution.

Parts of a Story

You may think that stories are just really good ideas put together on a page by an author. But, when authors write a story, they begin by thinking about how to fit certain parts into a certain structure. You may be wondering what that structure is. It is called a story structure, and it consists of the elements, or parts, of a story. Those five elements are characters, setting, problem, events, and solution. All stories have these parts. Now let's take a look at them.


The characters of a story are the creatures, people, or animals that the story is about. An author should provide enough information about the characters in the story that the reader can visualize them.

In the very simple story of The Three Little Pigs, the characters are the three pigs and the wolf. When you are identifying characters, you should focus on the most important characters in the story, not those who only show up in the story one time.



The setting is where the story takes place. It can include a specific time or place or it could be a certain condition, like a stormy night. The setting in The Three Little Pigs is at the pigs' houses (when they were building them and when the wolf visited them). This is where the story takes place.

The Setting


The problem is something that goes wrong in the story. It could also be called the conflict. In The Three Little Pigs, when the Big Bad Wolf saw the first and second little pigs outside playing because they had finished their houses so quickly, he decided they looked yummy enough to eat. So, the problem is that the Big Bad Wolf wants to eat the three little pigs. Yikes, that's definitely a problem.


The events, or plot, in a story are the important things that happen. The events take place in an order that makes sense, and connect the problem to the solution. This creates the beginning, middle, and end of a story.

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