Strategies for Reading with Purpose & Understanding: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 Reading Comprehension
  • 0:55 The Five-Step Reading Process
  • 4:07 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Valerie Keenan

Valerie has taught elementary school and has her master's degree in education.

Reading can be frustrating when you don't understand what an author is trying to say. Thankfully, there is a five-step process that will help you comprehend a text and read with purpose. Learn what the process is and how you can apply it to everything you read.

Reading Comprehension

Have you ever found that you're halfway through a reading assignment and unable to answer a single question about it? If the information is new to you or the subject itself is challenging, the words can seem as though they're written in a completely different language. In this case, reading with a purpose seems impossible! It can be frustrating and discouraging, but the good news is that there are several things you can do before, during, and after you read to improve your understanding!

Reading with a purpose begins with your comprehension of the text. The best way to make sure this happens is to think of reading as a five-step process.


The Five-Step Reading Process

Let's now take a couple of minutes to explore this five-step process in more detail.

Step 1: Prepare

The first thing you should always do before you begin reading is prepare yourself and your environment. To do this, ask yourself these questions:

  • Is there too much background noise? Consider moving to a quiet room, or turn on some of your favorite studying music, so that you can focus completely on your assignment.
  • Can I see what I'm reading? Adjusting the lighting will keep you from straining your eyes and getting a headache.
  • Are there too many distractions? Electronics can be very distracting when you're trying to read. Put your devices away until you're finished. Out of sight, out of mind!
  • Am I too comfortable? If you're lying in bed under the covers after a long day, reading may prove challenging. A desk or table may be your best options for a reading session.

Step 2: Preview

Once you're prepared for a great reading experience, preview the text. This will help warm up your brain and get it ready to fully comprehend the information you'll be reading. When you preview the text, pay special attention to the following things:

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