This lesson will highlight various academic and behavioral intervention plans that you can use for students who are in need of academic or behavior support in the classroom. A short quiz will follow to test your knowledge.
Student Intervention Plans and Strategies
When students experience challenges in academics or behavior you may need to put an intervention plan in place to get them back on the right track. In the classroom, interventions are activities that you would use to help students become successful in their classwork or decrease negative behavior towards others. They should be a team decision, based on students' needs and available resources.
Plans may target academic or behavior challenges. Academic challenges are issues the student may have in areas like reading, math, science, and social studies. Behavior challenges may include lack of social skills, fighting, disrespect for authority, or disrespect for peers. Several interventions that may be used are: personal educational plans, behavior contracts, and behavior intervention plans.
An academic plan is an intervention plan created by the teacher describing how he is going to help a student who is failing his class. For example, you may have a student who is in danger of failing your math class. As the teacher, you may create an intervention plan for this student that includes activities like tutoring, small group instruction, or one-on-one work with you. Your school district may require you to create an academic plan for any student who is failing or in danger of failing at any time during the school term.
One type of academic plan is personal educational plans. A personal education plan details the activities that you are going to use in order to help the student become successful. These activities could include tutoring, one-on-one assistance, or shortened assignments for the student to complete. Let's say you are a language arts teacher and had a student who was struggling with reading comprehension. The student is in danger of failing your class because of his poor test scores, lack of classwork completion, or a combination of the two. You would probably want to create a personal educational plan to address the student's academic issues.
Depending on the nature and severity of the behavior, there are several options that may be used to deal with discipline issues. The behavior plan should outline your expectations, rewards, and consequences and should be clear so that the student understands what is expected.
The behavior contract is an agreement between the student, teacher, and, in some cases, school administration when the student has not been on his or her best behavior. The contract with the student should be based on the behavior that needs to be decreased or eliminated. For example, if you have a student who has a problem excessively talking during class time, your contract may state: 'Johnny will talk only during the appropriate times in class.' You could even include recommendations for replacement behaviors and rewards for students when the behavior does not occur. If the behavior contract is not helping the student decrease or eliminate the problem behavior, you may want to consider switching to a behavior intervention plan.
A behavior intervention plan (BIP) is a formal document that identifies the nature of the behavior, such as fighting or oppositional defiance, when the incidents are more prone to happen, and steps to take in order to reduce their occurrences. The BIP may indicate replacement behaviors that the student can choose in order to be successful, as well as rewards that can be used if the student does not demonstrate the behavior over a period of time. While a BIP is commonly associated with students with disabilities, they can be used with any student who demonstrates behavioral challenges. In the case of a student with a disability, a BIP would be considered part of the special education plan.
Response to Interventions
Response to interventions (RTI) is a type of academic or behavior intervention plan that you, as the teacher, can use to provide early interventions or support for students who are struggling in your classroom. RTI usually has three tiers, or levels:
- Tier 1: This level is where all of your students will begin. As the teacher, you would deliver classroom instruction as you normally would and monitor how well students are doing. You will be able to identify any student who may be struggling to understand content or who may have behaviors that are keeping him from being successful in the classroom.
- Tier 2: Students who are not making adequate progress in Tier 1 would move to Tier 2. You can determine whether a student is not making progress through benchmark assessments and your own observations. During Tier 2, students may receive interventions in small groups, such as 3-5 students.
- Tier 3: Students who have not made progress, despite the use of interventions, would move to Tier 3. This tier is where the student may be referred for special education testing to see whether their struggles in the classroom may be related to a disability.
Positive Behavior Intervention Support
Positive behavior intervention support, also known as PBIS, is an intervention strategy used to identify and support student behavior using rewards and consequences rather than punishment. The PBIS model is generally implemented school wide, though it can be used in single classrooms as well. PBIS rewards positive student behavior rather than focusing on negative student behavior. Expectations frequently are modeled and reaffirmed so that students are aware of their responsibilities. The overall thought is that students will want to be rewarded and will spend more time behaving appropriately, which in turn decreases difficult behavior.
In the classroom, interventions are activities that you would use to help students become successful in their classwork or decrease negative behavior towards others. They include behavior contracts, behavior intervention plans, response to interventions plans (which have three tiers), and positive behavior intervention support plans. Student intervention plans are designed to address a range of academic and behavioral challenges students may experience. The intervention plan is individualized to meet the needs of each student and should include expectations and outcomes.