Student Self-Assessment & Peer Assessment

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  • 0:04 Self-Assessment
  • 1:31 Peer Assessment
  • 2:58 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Derek Hughes
Student self-assessment and peer assessment are useful tools to help students learn important reflection and critical thinking skills. This lesson will review how self-assessment and peer assessment can be used in your classroom.


Think back to when you were in school. Have you ever been asked to rate your own performance on an assignment or project? Have you been asked to rate other students' performances in group work or presentations? If so, you took part in self-assessment and peer assessment. These are two types of assessment which ask students to reflect on their own performance or the performance of other students as a way of gauging success.

As an adult, you probably engage in self-assessment many times throughout your day. If you ever spend some time thinking back over a choice you made or an action you took, you are self-assessing. However, this skill is not something that we just grow up knowing how to do. Reflecting on one's own choices and performance is a skill that was probably taught to you in the classroom.

Whenever you have a student reflect on his or her own work, assign a grade to a personal assignment, or explain why he or she did something in the classroom, you are engaging that student in self-assessment. This kind of assessment is different from a test, quiz, or project, because it's student-directed. While the teacher assigns the assessment, it is up to the student to be honest and thoughtful when reflecting.

Self-assessment can be conducted in a variety of ways. Students can fill out a form with questions that direct their thoughts, or they can engage in a conference with the teacher. Regardless of the method, student self-assessment should be closely monitored at first, so that you can ensure students are gaining the tools necessary to become thoughtful and reflective learners.

Teachers can help students become reflective learners.

Peer Assessment

Like self-assessment, peer assessment is a student-driven process of determining student success. However, instead of the students reflecting upon their own work, they're evaluating each other's work. Think of a time you were tasked with working with several other people to meet a goal. How often did you think on what the other people were doing and offer some suggestions to help them improve their work?

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