Sugar Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Dana Dance-Schissel

Dana teaches social sciences at the college level and English and psychology at the high school level. She has master's degrees in applied, clinical and community psychology.

Most kids love sugar, but may not understand why too much can be bad. This lesson plan uses a text lesson to explain the basics about sugar and an activity is designed to help students gain awareness about their sugar intake.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain what sugar is
  • list the sources of sugar
  • outline sugar in its many forms
  • summarize the potential dangers of sugar


45 to 60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.


Identify the main topic of a multi-paragraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.


Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.


Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.


Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.


Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.


  • Small dishes filled with different types of sugar (e.g. granular, cubes, powdered, syrup, and so on)
  • Paper copies of the text lesson Sugar Facts: Lesson for Kids
  • Food labels with ingredients (cut out)
  • A worksheet created using the quiz from the associated text lesson
  • Old cooking and food magazines
  • Scissors
  • Glue
  • Paper plates


  • Begin by displaying the different types of sugar in front of the class.
  • Invite students to take turns examining the contents of each dish visually and by taste, if desired.
  • Ask students to return to their seats.
    • What is in the dishes?
    • Is each substance different? Why or why not?
  • Pass out the paper copies of the text lesson to the class.
  • Ask students to take turns reading aloud from the introduction and 'What is Sugar?' section of the text lesson.
    • Did you guess that each substance is a type of sugar?
    • What is sugar?
  • Tell the students to read aloud again from the 'Where Does Sugar Come From?' section of the text lesson.
    • What plants give us sugar?
  • Instruct the students to take turns reading aloud from the 'Different Forms of Sugar' section of the text lesson.
  • Pass out the cut-out food labels, one for each student.
    • How many different forms of sugar can you find on your food label?
  • Have the students take turns reading aloud from the remainder of the text lesson.
    • What are the risks of eating too much sugar?
  • Pass out the worksheet to the class.
  • Complete the worksheet as a class using the paper copies of the text lesson as a reference tool.

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