Sugar Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

What do your students know about sugar, besides that it makes things sweet? This lesson plan uses a video lesson as an anchor to teach all about sugar and includes an activity and game to reinforce concepts and make them last.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • explain why sugars are members of the saccharide family
  • describe the four types of saccharides, including their uses and function


1 - 1.5 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RST.9-10.5

Analyze the structure of the relationships among concepts in a text, including relationships among key terms (e.g., force, friction, reaction force, energy).


Key Vocabulary

  • Saccharide
  • Monosaccharide
  • Disaccharides
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Polysaccharides
  • Glucose
  • Fructose
  • Sucrose
  • Condensation reaction
  • Dehydration synthesis
  • Hydrolysis
  • Glycogen
  • Starch
  • Inulin
  • Side-chain
  • Pro-biotics

Warm-Up and Preparation

  • Prepare for the lesson by having students label a page their notebooks 'The Sugar Molecule' and create a vocabulary section.
  • Instruct students to write each vocabulary word, leaving room for the definition.
  • Break students into small groups and allow them to share current understanding of sugars and sugar molecules. What do they know about sugar? How do they know?

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