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Summer Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Summer is one of the four seasons. Learn what causes this season, what to expect with the weather, and what affect this hot season will have on plants and animals!

What Causes Summer?

What is your favorite season? If you like warm weather, swimming and being off from school, your favorite season is probably summer! Just like the other three seasons, summer is caused by the tilt in the Earth's axis. It is summer when the sun's rays hit that part of the Earth more directly than any other season. In the United States, as well as the other countries in the Northern Hemisphere, summer begins in June because that is when the sun's rays are the most direct. In countries in the Southern Hemisphere, like Australia, summer begins in December. Think about it like this - let's say you and your friends are sitting around a bonfire. If you are sitting closer to the bonfire than your friends, you will feel more heat than they will because you are being hit more directly by the heat source than your friends.

It is summertime in the Northern Hemisphere in the picture on the left because the North Pole is pointed towards the sun

The first official day of summer is called summer solstice. In the Northern Hemisphere, summer solstice falls between June 20 and 22. It is the longest day of the year, so plan to play outside for as long as you can! While there is a short period of time where the days and nights are almost equal in length, the days become longer and the nights become shorter during the summertime. This change is more extreme in areas that are further from the equator (an imaginary line drawn around the earth), like New York City.

Places closest to the red line, the equator, will normally have the hottest summers

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