Suponer Subjunctive Conjugation

Instructor: Yolanda Reinoso Barzallo

Yolanda holds a CELTA Cambridge, a Juris Doctorate, and a Master of Public Administration. She is a published author of fiction in Spanish.

The verb ''suponer'' means 'to suppose,' as when we make assumptions or believe something in advance. The present subjunctive of this verb in Spanish is common; in this lesson, we will learn it through practical examples.

Mainly Sticky Situations

Let's imagine an awkward situation: Your colleague often makes excuses for not having her work done on time. One day you catch her chatting nonstop on social networks. When she realizes you saw her, she says: 'I hope that you don't suppose I do this all the time.' Although this hope sounds quite awkward, this is exactly the present subjunctive in Spanish. This tense expresses a concern, a hope, or even a doubt at times.

When it comes to the verb suponer (soo-poh-NEHR), which means 'to suppose/to assume', there are just a few particular situations when we hope, don't want, doubt, etc. that someone supposes something. To form this tense, we need two components:

  1. some specific expressions
  2. the present subjunctive of suponer

Let's learn each before we look at some examples.

Present Subjunctive Expressions

So we can express a hope or a doubt in the present subjunctive, we first need to know these common expressions that make sense for the verb suponer:

  • Espero que... (ehs-PEH-roh keh) means 'I hope that...'
  • Espero que no... (ehs-PEH-roh keh) means 'I hope that ... do not...'
  • No quiero que... (noh kee-EH-roh keh) means 'I don't want that...'
  • Me preocupa que... (meh preoh-oh-KOO-pah keh) means 'it worries me that...'
  • Es bueno que... (ehs BWEH-noh keh) means 'It is good that...'
  • Dudo que... (DOO-doh keh) means 'I doubt that...'

Present Subjunctive Conjungation

Suponer (soo-poh-NEHR) - 'to suppose'

Subject Pronoun Suponer Conjugation Pronunciation Translation
yo suponga soo-POHN-gah I suppose/assume
supongas soo-POHN-gahs you (singular/informal) suppose/assume
él/ella
usted
suponga soo-POHN-gah he/she - you (singular/formal) suppose/assume
nosotros
nosotras
supongamos soo-pohn-GAH-mohs we suppose/assume
vosotros
vosotras
supongáis soo-pohn-GAH-ees you (plural/informal) suppose/assume
ellos/ellas
ustedes
supongan soo-POHN-gahn they/you (plural/formal) suppose/assume

Examples

Here are three examples and some fun images that put the present subjunctive of suponer in perspective.

Translation: My dog hopes that I suppose he did not tear up my teddy bear.
criminaldog

Sticky Situation One

Donald and Julia work in the accounting department at a huge firm. They take a break to go get coffee and forget to lock the door. When they get back, the cash Donald left on his desk is gone. This is a big problem with big assumptions on the way. Donald tells his boss:

  • Espero que usted no suponga que yo tomé el dinero. (I hope that you don't assume I took the money.)

Julia adds:

  • Me preocupa que los otros empleados supongan lo peor sobre nosotros. (It worries me that the other employees assume the worst about us.)

Sticky Situation Two

Daniel receives a huge bag of jelly beans from a friend for his birthday. As agreed with his parents, Daniel is not allowed to have more than five jelly beans a day. Daniel takes advantage when his parents go out for groceries - he climbs on the kitchen counter and reaches in the cupboard for the bag. He is stuffing himself when his mom walks in. He reacts quickly:

  • No quiero que supongas que comí más de cinco. (I hope you don't suppose that I ate more than five.)

Later on, Daniel's mom tells her friend about going over the limit:

  • Daniel espera que su padre y yo supongamos que nunca sobrepasa el límite (Daniel hopes that his father and I assume that he never goes over the limit.).

Not A Sticky Situation

A boss congratulates his team for always supposing the best about a given situation.

  • Es bueno que ustedes siempre supongan lo mejor sobre una situación. Son muy optimistas. (It is good that you always suppose the best of a situation. You are very optimistic.)

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