Swamp Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 What Is a Swamp?
  • 0:24 Swamps Have an Important Job
  • 0:52 Freshwater Swamps
  • 1:40 Saltwater Swamps
  • 2:19 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Diane Sieverson

Diane has taught all subjects at the elementary level, was the principal of a K-8 private school and has a master's degree in Measurement and Evaluation.

There are different kinds of swamps, and they all have an important job. This lesson will teach you about swamps, how they protect the land around them, what animals you can find in them, and some other cool facts about these waterlogged areas.

What Is a Swamp?

A swamp is an area of land with trees that is always wet and is usually covered with water. Swamps can be small or large, and the only continent where you won't find a swamp is Antarctica. At one time, people didn't understand how important swamps were and destroyed them, but now many places have strict laws that protect them.

Swamps Have an Important Job

Swamps are like nature's paper towels because they soak up water when it rains a lot. They help keep the land around them from flooding as much or being washed away completely.

You can find all different kinds of trees growing in swamps, as well as other kinds of plants. Those trees and plants act like nature's cleaning crew, absorbing some of the chemicals and pollution that wash into the swamp. If the plants don't slurp them up, those chemicals usually fall to the sludgy swamp bottom and get covered with more silt.

Freshwater Swamps

There are two types of swamps: those made up mostly of freshwater and those that contain mostly saltwater.

Freshwater swamps are swamps found by the sides of lakes and streams where the water isn't salty. Depending on where the freshwater swamp is, animals like alligators, frogs, fish, reptiles, birds, and even panthers live in and around swamps.

Freshwater swamps near the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in the Middle East are part of an area called the Fertile Crescent. It's named this because the land has lots of different kinds of plants and animals that live there. The soil there also makes it a great place to grow food.

The Fertile Crescent was home to some of the earliest people and the first cities. It was even the birthplace of language so many centuries ago! So the next time you're reading your favorite book, you can thank those people who lived near the swamps!

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