Switzerland Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Jennifer Lowery

Jennifer has taught elementary levels K-3 and has master's degrees in elementary education and curriculum/instruction and educational leadership.

Switzerland is a beautiful country located in Europe. Learn all about this country's history, geography, climate and culture as we travel virtually to Switzerland!

Location and History

Have you ever wondered where Swiss cheese gets its name? It's Switzerland, of course! Switzerland is a country located on the continent of Europe. Historically, Switzerland has been invaded by many countries including France and Russia. But in the early 1800s Switzerland became independent, and Europe recognized the country's desire to have neutrality. Neutrality means that a person or country does not want to take sides when there is a disagreement or war.

Switzerland is a European country that practices neutrality in war times.
Swiss map

Geography and Climate

Switzerland is often referred to as a landlocked country. This means that there are no Swiss borders that touch oceans. Much of the country is mountainous, including the Swiss Alps and Jura Mountains. One of the tallest Alp mountains in Europe is located on the Swiss-Italian border. The Matterhorn is so famous that it is now recognized as a symbol of the Swiss Alps. There is also a large plateau, or flat area of raised land, in the northern part of the country. Switzerland's climate really depends on which part you are visiting. The northern mountainous regions are colder, and the southern areas are warmer. At times, rainfall and temperatures in Switzerland can be unpredictable.

The Matterhorn, located in the Swiss Alps, is one of the tallest mountains in Europe.
Swiss Alps Matterhorn

Culture

Most countries have one official language. However, Switzerland has four, including German, Italian, French, and another language called Romansh, which is only spoken in small sections of the country. The majority of people in Switzerland practice some form of Christianity. Cheese is often produced and eaten in Switzerland, and not just Swiss cheese! Gruyere cheese is produced in the Gruyere Valley. Switzerland is perhaps most famous for its delicious chocolates. Many sports are played in Switzerland, but the most popular sport for players and spectators is soccer.

Unique Features and Attractions

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