Symmetry Lesson Plan

Instructor: Joanne Abramson

Joanne has taught middle school and high school science for more than ten years and has a master's degree in education.

This lesson plan will help you introduce middle school students to the concept of symmetry. A short video and several hands-on activities help students visualize reflection symmetry, rotational symmetry and point symmetry.

Learning Objectives:

By the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • name and recognize the three different types of symmetry: reflection, rotational, and point
  • identify a shape's line of symmetry
  • identify a shape's order of rotation
  • create an image with point symmetry using graph paper


1-1.5 hours


  • Copies of the quiz that accompanies the video lesson
  • Construction paper with various polygons printed on it, one for each student
    • Shapes should include an equilateral triangle, isosceles triangle, scalene triangle, square, rectangle, parallelogram, rhombus, pentagon, and hexagon
  • 8.5 x 11 inch sheets of graph paper, folded or marked to show the four quadrants
  • 8.5 x 11 inch sheets of white paper
  • Scissors
  • Pencils

Curriculum Standards


Understand that a two-dimensional figure is congruent to another if the second can be obtained from the first by a sequence of rotations, reflections, and translations; given two congruent figures, describe a sequence that exhibits the congruence between them.


Describe the effect of dilations, translations, rotations, and reflections on two-dimensional figures using coordinates.

Key Terms

  • Symmetry
  • Asymmetric
  • Line symmetry
  • Line of symmetry
  • Rotational symmetry
  • Order
  • Point symmetry


  • Watch the video What is Symmetry in Math? - Definition & Concept. Have students take notes on important vocabulary terms, pausing as necessary to answer questions and clarity concepts.
  • After the video, review the vocabulary terms with the class.
  • Hand out copies of the quiz that accompanies the video. Have students work in pairs to complete the quiz.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back

Resources created by teachers for teachers

Over 30,000 video lessons & teaching resources‐all in one place.
Video lessons
Quizzes & Worksheets
Classroom Integration
Lesson Plans

I would definitely recommend to my colleagues. It’s like a teacher waved a magic wand and did the work for me. I feel like it’s a lifeline.

Jennifer B.
Jennifer B.
Create an account to start this course today
Used by over 30 million students worldwide
Create an account