Taekwondo Lesson Plan

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

With this lesson plan, your students are going to learn about how taekwondo encourages physical and emotional discipline. Your students will practice several, very basic taekwondo stances and moves, but will not engage in any sparring.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Describe the goals and objectives of taekwondo as a martial art
  • Appreciate the role of martial arts in physical and emotional discipline
  • Demonstrate basic familiarity with the fundamental stances of taekwondo


60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.


Propel conversations by posing and responding to questions that relate the current discussion to broader themes or larger ideas; actively incorporate others into the discussion; and clarify, verify, or challenge ideas and conclusions.


Respond thoughtfully to diverse perspectives, summarize points of agreement and disagreement, and, when warranted, qualify or justify their own views and understanding and make new connections in light of the evidence and reasoning presented.


  • Printed copies of Taekwondo: Definition & Types and the lesson quiz
  • Printed instructions for basic fighting stance, walking stance, back stance, tiger stance, attention stance, front stance, and sitting stance


  • Start class with a class discussion of martial arts. Use the following questions to lead the discussion:
    • What are martial arts?
    • What is the purpose of learning martial arts?
    • What are the goals of most martial arts styles?
    • Does martial arts teach you more than just how to fight?
    • What kinds of martial arts have you heard of?
    • What defines different kinds of martial arts?
  • Distribute printed copies of text lesson Taekwondo: Definition & Types.
  • Break students into groups of three. Instruct each group to read the sections ''A Different Type of Workout,'' ''What Exactly is Taekwondo,'' and ''Styles/Types of Taekwondo,'' with one student reading each section aloud at a time.
  • Discuss the following information as a class:
    • What is taekwondo?
    • How does taekwondo seem to be similar or different from other forms of martial arts?
    • What is the goal of taekwondo?
    • Why does this martial art stress mindfulness and calmness?
      • Why is this necessary for achieving the goals of taekwondo?
    • What might be the advantages of each form of taekwondo?
  • Ask students to stand up and face the front of the classroom, ensuring sufficient space between each student. Read aloud the instructions at the beginning of the section ''Taekwondo As Aerobic Exercise,'' and demonstrate. Once you have read and demonstrated the instructions, have the class complete them. Time them as they alternate kicks for one minute straight, then transition immediately into one minute of punches.
  • Ask students to imagine what an hour-long taekwondo lesson might feel like.
  • Have students re-form their groups and complete the lesson, with one person in the group reading aloud at a time, switching with every paragraph. Discuss this information as a class with the following questions:
    • Why do people use martial arts as a form of exercise?
    • What do you gain from this workout that you might not gain from running, swimming, or lifting weights?
    • How do martial arts like taekwondo connect physical and emotional discipline?
  • You may test student understanding with the lesson quiz.

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