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Talking About Days and Dates in Spanish Grammar

Talking About Days and Dates in Spanish Grammar
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  • 0:07 What's the Date?
  • 2:01 What Day is Today?
  • 3:41 Dialogue
  • 5:01 Review
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Ashley Garcias-Casas
Now that we know the vocabulary for the days and months of year in Spanish, we can talk about days and dates in more detail. In this lesson, we will learn the different structures used when talking about days and dates in Spanish.

What's the Date?

Before we start this lesson on the days and dates in Spanish, I'm willing to bet that you've already seen a few examples and can maybe even recognize the structure of dates in Spanish. For example, take a look at el cinco de mayo. Can you tell me what date that is in English? That's right! May 5th!

El cinco de mayo. What vocabulary do we recognize in this phrase? We have a number (cinco) and a month (mayo). To say the date in Spanish we use the structure:

El día de mes de año. (The (number/day) of (month) of (year).)

Take note that we always say the day first, followed by the month. So, just as we saw, May 5th is el cinco de mayo.

Let's take a look at a few more dates:

June 30th is el 30 de junio, September 18th is el 18 de septiembre and November 3rd is el 3 de noviembre.

Now, what happens if it's the first of the month? In this case, we use primero in place of uno. For example, October 1st is el primero de octubre.

In Spanish, when the dates are written in numerical form, it follows the same structure of day, then month, then year. Take a look at the date 9/3/2013. Is the '9' referring to the day or the month? The day. And the '3'? The month. So, this date in written form would be el 9 de marzo de 2013.

What Day Is Today?

There are two questions commonly used to ask about days and dates. Cuál es la fecha? (What is the date?) To which we would respond with the previously mentioned structure. Hoy es el 15 de octubre. (Today is October 15th.)

Cuál es la fecha? is used to ask about the date, but if we wanted to ask which day of the week it is?

Qué día es hoy?

To respond to this question we would use the structure:

Hoy es (día de la semana).

Let's look again at those two questions and answers.

Cuál es la fecha? (What is the date?)

Hoy es el 15 de octubre (Today is October 15th.)

Y, qué día es hoy? (And, what is the day today?)

Hoy es martes. (Today is Tuesday.)

In the dialogue, we mention hoy, or today. Other key vocabulary to talk about days and dates are:

ayer (yesterday) and mañana (tomorrow).

La semana means week and el fin de semana (weekend).

But, how do we talk about the day on which something occurs? For example, 'On Monday I have my Spanish class.'

El lunes tengo mi clase de español. (On Monday I have my Spanish class.)

Note that we say 'el' lunes and not 'en' lunes.

If we have our Spanish class every Monday, we would make the 'el' plural and say

Los lunes tengo mi clase de español. (On Mondays I have my Spanish class.)

Dialogue: Schedule of Classes

Now that we know the basics, let's take a look inside a college campus as a group of students are talking about their class schedules.

Hola. Soy una estudiante nueva. (Hi. I'm a new student.)

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