Teaching Methods: Types & Strategies

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Factors Affecting Teaching

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 Categories of Instruction
  • 0:33 Teacher-Centered Instruction
  • 1:31 Student-Centered Instruction
  • 3:09 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

In this lesson, we'll explore both teacher-centered and student-centered instruction and then define and discuss the effectiveness of various teaching methods, including lecture, assignment, dictation, project, and seminar.

Categories of Instruction

What is the best approach to teaching students? Which method you use depends on what you are hoping to accomplish. Teaching strategies are broken down into two major categories. Teacher-centered instruction focuses on the expertise of the teacher to pass knowledge on to the students. Student-centered instruction is facilitated by a teacher, but the students take a more active role in the learning process. Let's examine some specific examples of teaching methods.

Teacher-Centered Instruction

Teacher-centered instruction is typically less engaging for students but can be combined with other teaching methods to improve effectiveness. The following are some examples of teacher-centered instructional strategies:


Lecture is a teacher-centered technique in which teachers provide direct instruction to students by telling them facts that students passively absorb. Research is clear that lectures are not an effective teaching method. When used, it's more effective to alternate lecture with a more active instructional method every 10-15 minutes.


Dictation is a method that is often used in language classrooms. Basically, the teacher reads aloud while the student writes down what the teacher says. Students then check their punctuation and spelling using the original text. Dictation is not particularly engaging but can be used at various levels and requires little planning. Teachers can improve student interest by pairing students and turning it into a cooperative learning activity.

Student-Centered Instruction

Student-centered instruction is more active and engaging than other teaching methods. The following are examples of student-centered instructional techniques:


The assignment method of teaching is the most popular form of student-centered instruction. Assignments may include essays, research papers, oral presentations, projects, labs, or collaborative learning activities. Using the assignment method, the teacher creates an assignment with clear instructions, milestones, and grading criteria based on an outcome that students need to achieve. The teacher monitors and advises students as they work on the assignment and provides feedback that challenges students to improve. The effectiveness of this method depends on the level of student engagement, teacher support, clarity of instruction, and alignment with learning objectives.

Project-Based Instruction

Project-based teaching methods are similar to the assignment method but are based on real-world challenges. This teaching method is highly engaging and effective as students work either collaboratively or independently across the curriculum to organize and present their learning in a relevant way. Students may use technology, video, photography, art, role-playing activities, or writing to demonstrate what they have learned.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account