Teaching Techniques for Language Learning

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  • 0:04 Grammar-Translation Method
  • 1:01 Direct Method
  • 1:41 Audiolingual Method
  • 2:10 The Silent Way
  • 3:01 Total Immersion Method
  • 3:52 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christopher Sailus

Chris has an M.A. in history and taught university and high school history.

In this lesson we discuss several popular and effective methods, approaches, and teaching techniques that can help your students learn a new language.

Grammar-Translation Method

'Estoy, estas, esta' drones the class. 'Excellent. And again,' replies the instructor. Seem familiar? This is the way language used to be taught, with dozens of students repeating conjugations, checking dictionaries, making translations, and getting incredibly bored in the process. Not only was this method boring, it was terribly ineffective. Today there are numerous ways language can be taught, and each approach has its own merits.

This example is a perfect illustration of the Grammar-Translation Method of language learning. It relies on heavy translation and memorization through repetition, and lessons are taught almost completely in the students' primary language. Grammar is of the utmost importance, and text translation aids grammatical comprehension. Though this method does little to improve students' ability to speak in their new (or target) language, they often gain a great understanding of its rules of grammar and spelling.

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