Team Member Roles for Effective Group Collaboration

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  • 0:03 Effective Team Collaboration
  • 0:45 Types of Roles
  • 1:10 Doers
  • 2:13 People Focused
  • 3:23 Thinkers
  • 4:43 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Allison Tanner

Allison has a Masters of Arts in Political Science

Forming a team for effective collaboration can be a challenging task! This lesson describes various team member roles necessary for effective group collaboration.

Effective Team Collaboration

Imagine that for the last three weeks, Jeff has been working on a business expansion project with eight other team members. Although submission guidelines were clearly established, the team has failed to meet key deadlines. Everyone has come up with several fantastic ideas, but no one has actually started doing the real work. Just when Jeff is about to scream, his friend Team Win stops by the office.

Team Win tells Jeff that his team isn't accomplishing anything because they're taking on the same creative roles and there is not enough team diversity. He goes on to explain that effective team collaboration occurs when there is a mix of different personalities who take on various roles.

Types of Roles

In general, there are nine types of roles and each one is important when creating an effective team. They can be broken down into three categories.

  1. Doers: Get things done
  2. People focused: Bring people together
  3. Thinkers: Have great ideas

Team Win can see that Jeff is not familiar with these roles, so he offers to help him design the perfect team.


To get started, Team Win immediately describes and selects the doers. These are the people who challenge the team to do better, get things done, or finish up the details.


Team Win tells Jeff that the first person he wants in his team is himself. Jeff is a great shaper because he isn't scared of a challenge and he likes to test the boundaries, and get things done. You see, the shaper is the type of person who pushes people to keep thinking of different options and never gives up the opportunity to face a challenge.


Now, the next person you want on your team is Patty. As an implementer, she is extremely organized; you'll never find a spot on her desk out of place. Patty also knows how to take ideas and make them into tangible tasks.


The final doer you want is Jim. You know that Jim never misses a deadline, he checks over all details to make sure tasks are completed to perfection, and he stays on top of his team to make sure things get done. Jim is a finisher, and you are going to need him.

People Focused

Team Win explains that doers are really important, but you have to have connectors in order to get things done. If you only have doers running around there won't be much coordination and things will get confusing.


Connectors are the leadership that brings people together and finds necessary resources. Team Win tells Jeff that he knows the perfect fit for the connector role. Nancy, a bubbly and out-going office mate, knows everyone, and she is almost always able to get what she needs when she needs it. Her remarkable ability to connect people with the resources they need makes Nancy the perfect fit for the connector role.


The traditional leader guides the team and helps them to get things done. Team Win suggests Masha, a natural leader with a knack for bringing people together. He reminds Jeff that Masha has successfully led several teams and helped the company to complete several projects.

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