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Team Members in an Organization: Roles, Responsibilities & Characteristics

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  • 0:01 Roles of Team Members…
  • 0:55 Team Member Responsibilities
  • 2:25 Team Member Characteristics
  • 3:45 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Shicara Hollie

Shicara has a Master Degree in Business Administration with a focus in Marketing

We will discuss the different roles of team members in an organization. We will go into more detail about the specific characteristics of each role. Test your knowledge with a quiz at the end of the lesson.

Roles of Team Members in an Organization

Many companies encourage a team environment. Team members help each other succeed to accomplish the company's goals and provide their expertise on different projects and duties. Each team has specific roles and are typically structured in a functional way. Companies create structural charts that clearly define the types of roles within departments. In a functional structure, it's designed by hierarchy, which is when the roles of each group are ranked one above another based on responsibility. Most organizations consist of the following roles:

  • Executive officers
  • Research and development team
  • Operations and production team
  • Sales and marketing team
  • Accounting and finance team

Now that we know about the different teams that make up an organization, let's learn more about their specific responsibilities and characteristics.

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Team Member Responsibilities

The company assigns responsibilities that each team must accomplish in order to keep the company running and to produce profits. Let's take a look at what these are.

Executive officers are responsible for keeping the ship afloat. They work with all of the teams to create synergy and hold them accountable.

The research and development team has the responsibility of being innovative and keeping up with the latest trends and developments in whatever field the company is in. For example, tech companies like Apple have to stay innovative and creative for customers to care about their products. Their R&D team is responsible for researching the market and developing new technologies to stay ahead of their competition which explains the constant cell phone battle they have with Android phones makers.

The operations and production team is responsible for bringing the product to life. They receive the product's vision from the research team and then bring the product into its finished stage.

The sales and marketing team is responsible for bringing the product to market. They use several different methods to get the word out about their new invention. They usually do this through advertisements on TV, Internet, radio, and even printed mail to promote the product.

The accounting and finance team is the group that calculates the sales and reports back to everyone in regards to numbers. They bring everything full circle because the sales numbers this will trigger whether or not new developments or improvements need to be made, production needs to increase or decrease, or if sales and marketing teams need to refocus their direction.

Team Member Characteristics

Now, of course, everyone has different personalities and characteristics. However, if we could generalize each team by their personality characteristics, it'd probably look like the following:

Executive officers have dominant and forward-thinking characteristics. They typically have tough skin and determination. In this position, they take on many challenges and, depending on the outcome, can be the team's advocate or worst enemy.

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