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Technological Developments & Contributions of the Middle East

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  • 0:04 Middle East Early…
  • 0:58 Gas Lasers and CSI
  • 1:37 Endoscpy, Iron Dome & Rewalk
  • 2:35 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

In this lesson, you will learn about some of the history and more contemporary contributions coming out of the Middle East or thanks to Middle Eastern inventors.

Middle East Early Contributions

The Middle East is an area of the world that includes many countries, such as Turkey, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iran, and Iraq. Throughout its history, these people have either invented or contributed to the development of important technologies that have impacted the fields of astronomy, medicine, and much more.

For example, one of the world's most famous polymaths, someone who was really great at many different subject areas, was Taqi ad-Din Muhammad ibn Ma'ruf ash-Shami al-Asadi. He was born in Damascus, now located in Syria, in 1526. His knowledge and observations contributed much to the field of astronomy, including how to find the coordinates of stars, how steam can be used to rotate a rudimentary steam turbine, and important properties related to vision, such as reflection and refraction.

Let's go over some other technological developments that arose in the Middle East or thanks to people who were born there.

Gas Lasers and CSI

Ali Javan is an Iranian-born physicist who was the co-inventor of the gas laser. Here, an electric current moves through a gas in order to produce a light. One such type of laser is known as the carbon dioxide laser. This gas laser is used in everything from industrial cutting and welding to laser surgery.

Iranian-born medical engineer Tofy Mussivand has invented a device that's able to extract and analyze DNA from just a single skin cell. How could this be important? Well, for one, it could greatly enhance a crime scene investigator's ability to identify a possible suspect in a murder-case, where all they may have to go on is a single skin cell.

Endoscopy, Iron Dome, & ReWalk

In Israel, medical engineers developed capsule endoscopy, which is the visual examination of the digestive tract via a pill-like device. This has given doctors and patients a much easier way to detect problems or the causes of problems in the digestive tract, like pain in the abdomen, bleeding from the abdominal tract, as well as tumors.

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