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Temperate Climate Zone Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts

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Instructor
Sara Clarke-Vivier

Sara is a recently graduated PhD in Education with interdisciplinary experience in K-12 education.

Expert Contributor
Christianlly Cena

Christianlly has taught college physics and facilitated laboratory courses. He has a master's degree in Physics and is pursuing his doctorate study.

Climate zones are areas with similar temperatures, precipitation, and weather. Explore the characteristics that define temperate climate zones and the difference between maritime temperate zones and continental temperate zones. Updated: 01/18/2022

What's a Temperate Climate?

Warm summers, wet springs, colorful falls, and cold, snowy winters. Where in the world can you find these four different seasons? The temperate climate zone, that's where!

The word climate means the weather conditions of an area over a long period of time. It is different than weather, which we think about and measure on a day-to-day basis. Climate refers to patterns of weather over the course of years, decades, even centuries.

The word temperate means moderate, or in the middle. This is helpful in understanding the climate in the temperate zone - it does not have extremes. While the polar climate is extremely cold and the tropical climate is very hot, the temperate climate has some hot weather and some cold weather. While there is a lot of rain and snow in other zones, the temperate zone has just a moderate amount of rain and snow.

The temperate climate zone circles the Earth in both the north and the south. In the north, it makes up the space below the Arctic circle and above the hot tropical areas above the equator. In the south, the temperate climate zone is between the cold climates of Antarctica and the warm climates just below the earth's hot middle. Looking at a map, you would see the temperate climate zone covering most of North America, all of Europe and much of northern Asia, and the very southern tip of South America.

There are two main types of temperate climates: maritime and continental. Let's explore the differences between these moderate weather regions.

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  • 0:05 What's a Temperate Climate?
  • 1:31 Maritime Temperate Climate
  • 2:10 Continental Temperate Climate
  • 2:48 Lesson Summary
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Maritime Temperate Climate

The word _maritime means near the sea, so maritime temperate climates are found in places in the temperate zone that touch the ocean. The ocean and the wind influence the weather in maritime areas.

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Additional Activities

Temperate Climate Zone: True or False Activity

This activity will help you assess your knowledge of the definition and facts of the temperate climate zones.

Directions

Determine whether the following statements are true or false. To do this, print or copy this page on a blank paper and underline or circle the answer.

True | False 1. Weather refers to climate patterns over the course of years, decades, even centuries.

True | False 2. Temperate climates are distinguished into two types, namely continental and maritime.

True | False 3. Continental areas, in a temperate climate zone, tend to have hot summers and cold winters.

True | False 4. Asian countries like the Philippines and Taiwan are not located in the temperate climate zone.

True | False 5. Places in temperate climate zones have four different seasons.

True | False 6. Countries in the equator do not exhibit a temperate climate; these areas have tropical climates.

True | False 7. The southernmost part of South Africa is also located in the temperate climate zone.

True | False 8. England, Scotland, and Japan belong in maritime temperate climate zones.

True | False 9. Maritime areas, like northern China and Mongolia, have less rain and snow.

True | False 10. Climate refers to the short-term manifestations of weather and other atmospheric conditions in a given area or country.


Answer Key

  1. False, because the correct statement is: Climate refers to weather patterns over the course of years, decades, even centuries.
  2. True
  3. True
  4. True
  5. True
  6. True
  7. False, because the correct statement is: The southernmost part of South America is also located in the temperate climate zone.
  8. True
  9. False, because the correct statement is: Continental areas, like northern China and Mongolia, have less rain and snow.
  10. False, because the correct statement is: Climate is concerned with the long-term manifestations of weather and other atmospheric conditions in a given area or country.

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