Copyright

Terms for Developmental Disorders

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Vocabulary for Dissociative, Factitious & Impulse Control Disorders

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Short Attention Span
  • 0:28 ADD, ADHD, & Learning…
  • 2:31 Autism & Asperger's
  • 3:19 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
Did you know that some people with developmental disorders are also some of the most gifted? Don't let ADD, ADHD, learning disabilities, and other developmental disorders make you think otherwise.

Short Attention Span

I definitely have a short attention span when it comes to stuff I simply could care less about. NASCAR (sorry folks), the latest legal case challenge, or what selfie some celebrity posted online make me turn my attention elsewhere within a nanosecond. But, just because someone has a short attention span, that doesn't mean they have something like ADD or ADHD, which are just two examples of developmental disorders this lesson is going to define.

ADD, ADHD, & Learning Disabilities

ADD, attention deficit disorder, now formally known as ADHD, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, is a developmental disorder characterized by a short attention span and a pattern of impulsiveness. Hyperactivity is sometimes present, as well. Hyperactivity is a term that refers to restlessness or an excess of movement.

Such short attention spans and impulsiveness are found most often in social, occupational, and academic settings, and they're far more common in boys than girls. Importantly, the individuals who are affected by ADHD usually have normal or even above average intelligence levels.

Now, if a little boy is running around with friends after school and not finishing his homework one day, but doesn't do it again, that doesn't mean he has ADHD. He's probably just being a little boy, maybe a little mischievous boy. But if he's consistently distracted, forgetful, and making mistakes in multiple settings, then it might be a result of ADHD.

As I said before, ADHD tends to occur in people with normal intelligence levels. This is also true of learning disabilities, disorders where children have difficulty learning things like reading, writing, and math. These disorders do not arise as a result of some emotional disturbance, nor do they occur because the person is sight or hearing impaired.

Dyslexia is one such learning disability. Dyslexia is a learning disorder marked by problems processing words, as most characteristically reflected by difficulty in learning to read. The word itself comes from 'dys-,' which means 'impaired' or 'difficult' and '-lexis,' which means 'words' or 'language.'

However, many people with learning disabilities have overcome their barriers to achieve amazing things. For example, inventor Alexander Graham Bell, Virgin Group founder Richard Branson, and mathematician and author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll, all had or are suspected to have had dyslexia.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support