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Texas Independence Day Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Corrie Boone

Corrie holds master's in elementary education, taught elementary ESL in the public schools for 5 years, and recently was teaching EFL abroad.

Texans take a lot of pride in the fact that their state was once its own country for about ten years. However, breaking free from Mexico didn't come easy - the day they did is known as Texas Independence Day, which you'll learn about in this lesson.

Texas Independence Day

Did you know that Texas used to be part of Mexico, but eventually became its own country before joining the United States? The day Texas broke free from Mexico and became its own country is known as Texas Independence Day. Texas Independence Day is celebrated on March 2nd in much the same way the United States celebrates its national day of independence on July 4th. Let's talk about the historical events that led up to Texas Independence Day.

Historical Background

In the early 1800's, Texas belonged to Mexico and was widely unpopulated. In 1823, Mexico passed a law allowing citizens of the United States to move into Texas, hoping they'd bring their goods and services with them. Americans jumped on this opportunity and by 1830 outnumbered Mexicans 10 to 1. The Mexican government didn't want to lose control of Texas, so it passed a law forbidding more Americans from moving into the area. They even sent the Mexican Army to occupy and control the land.

General Santa Anna, who led the Mexican army
general.santa.anna

By 1832, the Americans living in Texas decided that they didn't want to be a part of or controlled by Mexico anymore, so they held a convention requesting separate statehood from Mexico. The Mexican government denied their request. The Americans held a second convention in 1833 and wrote a state constitution for Texas. The Mexican government denied their request again, which led to the War of Texas Independence.

War of Texas Independence

As their requests were repeatedly denied, Texans grew angrier about their lack of freedom. The battles listed below took place between October and December in 1835 and led to Texas's eventual independence.

  • Battle of Gonzales: the first fight between Mexico and Texas. Mexico tried to take back a cannon they had given the Texans for protection.
  • Battle of Goliad: the Texans won this fight.
  • Battle of Concepcion: Texans were once again victorious, despite being seriously outnumbered.
  • Siege of Bexar: Texans captured San Antonio.

Texans responded to the Battle of Gonzales by raising a flag that read COME AND TAKE IT.
come.and.take.it

Convention of 1836

Throughout early 1836, the Texans continued to grow stronger and more organized. On March 1st, they held the Convention of 1836 to sign a constitution and form their new government. It was officially adopted the very next day. However, word of this didn't reach San Antonio until much later, where a big battle was brewing.

On March 6th, General Santa Anna and the Mexican army attacked and defeated the Texans at the Battle of the Alamo. This only further motivated them to continue their fight for independence!

Battle of the Alamo
battle.of.the.alamo

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