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Text-Based Instructional Strategies

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  • 0:00 Instructional Strategies
  • 0:57 Text-Based Instruction
  • 2:32 Pros and Cons
  • 4:29 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

There are many ways to teach children to read, from phonics instruction to surrounding children with books and letting them read naturally. In this lesson, we'll look at one type of instruction, text-based, and its pros and cons.

Instructional Strategies

Alana is an elementary school teacher, and the parents of one of her students are concerned. They got in contact with Alana because their son, Justin, has just been diagnosed with a learning disability that makes it difficult for him to read. He is behind in learning to read, and they want to help him get caught up, but they aren't sure how. How can they (and Alana) teach Justin to read?

An instructional strategy is a way of teaching something. There are many different types of instructional strategies that approach teaching and education in different ways. For example, should Justin's parents give him lessons in phonics, making sure he knows how to sound out words? Or should they just give him a book and hope that he figures out how to read through exposure to the printed word? Those are two different instructional strategies that they could take.

Let's look closer at one instructional strategy for reading, text-based instruction, and its strengths and limitations.

Text-Based Instruction

As we've already seen, there are a lot of different ways that Justin's parents can try to teach him how to read. In fact, there are literally dozens of different instructional strategies that they can implement!

Alana suggests to Justin's parents that they try text-based instruction, which involves teaching reading by grounding instruction in different types of texts. Alana herself uses text-based instruction in her class. She and her students read many, many different pieces, exploring the differences between genres and texts.

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