Text Structure Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Sharon Linde
Teach your students how to read and interpret text structures with the help of this lesson plan. A text lesson explores compare and contrast, sequencing, and cause and effect as students identify these constructs in text and practice application.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify and interpret the following text structures in text:
    • compare and contrast
    • sequencing
    • cause and effect


1 - 1.5 hours


  • Copies of the lesson Text Structure Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples, one for each student
  • Copies of several nonfiction texts that contain one or more text structure elements
  • Chart paper
  • Markers
  • Collection of small objects, placed into a bag, one for each student
  • Index cards

Key Vocabulary

  • Compare and contrast
  • Sequencing
  • Cause and effect

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.3

Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.4

Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.3.8

Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).

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