Textile Fabrics: Definition & Types

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Modern vs Antique Fabric Textiles

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:03 Textile Fabrics
  • 0:58 Plant-Based Fabrics
  • 1:55 Animal-Based Fabrics
  • 3:08 Manmade Fabrics
  • 4:14 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed Audio mode

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Summer Stewart

Summer has taught creative writing and sciences at the college level. She holds an MFA in Creative writing and a B.A.S. in English and Nutrition

The ability to identify the different types of textile fabrics is important in the design industry. In this lesson, we'll learn the definition of a textile fabric and explore the different types of textiles, including their sources and uses.

Textile Fabrics

Imagine walking into your local department store, where the clothing and home furnishings aisles are filled with hundreds of different shirts, skirts, dresses, bedsheets, and towels. As you walk down each aisle, you notice how many of the items feel different from the others. That's because apparel, home furnishings, and other related items are made from different textile fabrics.

A textile fabric is a cloth that has been woven, knitted, tufted, knotted, or bonded together using natural or synthetic threads, yarns, and other materials. Popular fabrics include cotton and leather, but even seaweed and gold have been used to make textiles. Understanding the differences found among different textile fabrics is critical in the design industry. Textile fabrics originate from a number of sources including animals, plants, and minerals, as well as manmade synthetic materials. Let's take a closer look at some of the different types.

Plant-Based Fabrics

Plant-based textile fabrics have been made and used for thousands of years. The most common plant-based textile fabrics include cotton, linen, hemp, and jute:

  • Cotton is an all-season fabric that provides breathability and softness in bedding and clothing. Many people prefer cotton because it generally doesn't cause allergic reactions in those sensitive to other textiles like wool or synthetics.

  • Linen is a durable, allergen-free fabric found in clothing, curtains, and tablecloths. It's made from the flax plant. Linen can be washed by hand and help people stay cool during warm weather.

  • Hemp is another durable textile fabric used to make clothing, shoes, home furnishings, and furniture. Its ability to provide insulation and protection from ultraviolet rays make it ideal for outerwear.

  • Plant-based fabrics also include jute, which is used to make rugs, carpets, twine, sacks, and linoleum. Jute is very resistant to wear and tear.

Animal-Based Fabrics

Animal-based textile fabrics tend to be more expensive and reserved for special uses. Silk, leather, and wool are common textile fabrics made from animals.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account