Textile Industry: Significance & Advantages

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  • 0:03 Textile Industry
  • 0:50 Human Advantages
  • 2:17 Economic Advantages
  • 2:50 Other Advantages
  • 3:22 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Elisha Madison

Elisha is a writer, editor, and aspiring novelist. She has a Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology and another Masters in Museum Studies.

The textile industry is a global market that affects every country in the world. In this lesson, we'll discuss the significance and some of the economic and human advantages of the textile industry.

Textile Industry

Did you know that as you sit at your computer you are surrounded by textiles? The curtains on the window next to you, the cushion on your desk chair, the carpet on the floor, and even those shoes or slippers on your feet are considered textiles. Textiles are made from fibers, filaments, threads, and yarn, either natural or synthetic.

There are two main categories of textiles: conventional textiles and technical textiles. Conventional textiles are made primarily for aesthetics and secondarily for use. They include clothing and decorative items like throw pillows. Technical textiles are made primarily for function but can also be aesthetically pleasing. For example, the air filter in your vacuum is a technical textile, but so is a hot air balloon.

Human Advantages

To survive, humans need food, shelter, and warmth. Textiles fall into all of these categories. Because of clothing and protective gear, farmers can use fertilizers, herbicides, or pesticides to increase crop yields. They can also use equipment filters and protective coverings for planting, harvesting, and protecting their crops. Without all of these technical textiles, food production would be less reliable.

People also need clothes and blankets to stay warm. Without natural and synthetic fibers, shingles and other types of building materials could not be made, influencing the type of shelters built. To understand how textiles affect our day to day lives, it's important to realize the variety of textiles available.

For example:

  • Many artificial heart valves and vessels, hip joints, and other medical implants are made with textiles, devices that have improved the lives of many people.
  • Firemen also use textiles, from gear made with fire repellent materials to hoses that can be rolled up and put away.
  • Dental uses like toothbrushes and floss are also composed of textiles.
  • Military uses include camouflage clothing, gear, and bags. Without these items, soldiers would be unable to blend into their environment or effectively carry their gear into the field.
  • Kevlar, used in bulletproof vests, helmets, and other safety gear, is the market standard for safety materials. It's found in items used by the military and police.

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