Textile Industry: Waste Management & Pollution

Instructor: Elisha Madison

Elisha is a writer, editor, and aspiring novelist. She has a Master's degree in Ancient Celtic History & Mythology and another Masters in Museum Studies.

The textile industry is known for its immense pollution and waste issues. This lesson discusses how the textile industry can manage these environmental concerns.

The Textile Industry

Did you know that you have textiles in the engine of your car? The air filter is actually a textile. The oil filter is as well. Inside your car, you also have textiles like the seatbelt, the seat covers, and the carpet. Textiles are made from fibers, filaments, and fabric, which means they are everywhere in day to day life. Nearly every country around the globe has involvement in the textile industry, either in creation of products, shipping of products, or in making the technology that creates the textiles. This also means that there is an immense amount of textile mills that create waste, use precious resources, and cause pollution.

Yarn is a textile

Pollution and Waste

The textile industry is unique in the amount of pollution and waste it creates, unlike other large industries like hospitality. The reason the waste is so high is because it is a trifecta of issues.

  • Waste - Clothing and textiles leave tons of waste that end up at dumps all over the world. The clothing takes time to breakdown, and some textiles, like polyester, even create chemical pollution.
  • Pollution - Air and water gets polluted because of textiles. The dyes used for textiles are used with water and chemicals, which then has to be dumped. The burning of all the products inside the mills also pollutes the air with chemicals.
  • Use of resources - The washing of textiles and the dying process leads to millions of gallons of water being used annually, which can be a real issue in some places.

Water Pollution from chemical dyes

Management of Pollution and Waste

Waste and pollution is being addressed on several fronts in the textile industry. The first is in the process of dying. They have started to create dyes that can be done without water, which means less water waste as well as less dumping of chemical laden water.

Other management programs include:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account