The Appropriate Use of Legal Drugs & Medicine

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

In this lesson, you're going to learn a ton of names related to some of the most common over the counter (OTC) and prescription medications found in the United States as well as their main uses.

Common Legal Drugs

Have you ever taken a drug? No, not some illegal thing. Just regular drugs found in an aisle at a local pharmacy or perhaps prescribed to you by a doctor.

I bet that you have. Did you always know what they were for? Maybe or maybe not. In case you didn't, we're going to go over some common legal drugs and medications used over the counter or via a doctor's prescription and learn their major uses.

Common OTC Medications

OTC, or over the counter, medications are those that are available without a prescription and are found in an aisle of a local pharmacy store or pharmacy section of something like a produce store.

There are many different medications, so let's check out some people we meet in the aisle of this store to see what they're shopping for.

First, we meet Bob. Bob has a bottle of aspirin in his hands, which is a drug that helps relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce fever.

Next to Bob is his wife Cindy. She has a bottle of ibuprofen, a drug that's used to help relieve headaches, fever, muscle aches, arthritis, menstrual cramps, and even dental pain.

As we walk a little further down the aisle we see Mary, who looks really sick from a cold or flu. She has a medication that contains acetaminophen, which is a drug that's used to treat aches and pains related to the flu, but also other mild to moderate types of pain from things like backaches as well. It has some fever reducing properties too.

Mary is standing next to her son, James, who is coughing his guts out, claiming his mother got him sick. He's got a couple of bottles of medication he's trying to decide upon. One contains dextromethorphan and the other contains guaifenesin; both are drugs that are used to control coughing.

Not too far from James is his dad Roger who seems to have a lot of nasal congestion. He's got a spray that contains phenylephrine, a drug that's used as a nasal decongestant.

Common Prescription Medications

Let's walk away from the OTC aisle before we too get sick and (illegally) enter the prescription drug section of the store to rifle through filled prescriptions to see what some common prescription drugs are.

The first drug we see is hydrocodone, a drug used to treat severe pain. Next to that is a bag of Zocor (simvastatin), which is a drug that helps to lower cholesterol.

There also seem to be a lot of prescriptions for lisinopril, a drug that treats hypertension, which is high blood pressure.

Quite a few prescriptions can be seen for a drug called levothyroxine sodium, the generic version of Synthroid, a synthetic hormone that's given to people with hypothyroidism, a condition where the thyroid gland doesn't produce enough thyroid hormone.

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