Copyright

The Arab-Islamic Empire: Emergence, Establishment & Expansion

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: The Umayyad Dynasty: Rulers & Warfare

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:01 Islam
  • 0:45 Emergence & Conquest
  • 1:50 Golden Age
  • 2:50 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Jessica Whittemore

Jessica has taught junior high history and college seminar courses. She has a master's degree in education.

This lesson will trace the emergence of the Arab-Islamic Empire. It will focus on the Islamic faith, the rule of Abu Bakr, and the Golden Age of Islam under the Abbasid Dynasty.

Islam

For those of us who have grown up learning all about the separation of church and state, the idea of an empire based on religion seems a bit odd to us. However, that is exactly what this lesson will be about as we discuss the Arab-Islamic Empire. As we do this, we'll explore the fundamental role that Islam has played in the history of the Arab world.

Since the 7th century emergence of the Islamic faith, a religion based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, politics and religion on the Arabian Peninsula have usually been intertwined as one. Followers of Islam really see no divide between religious and political authority. In fact, Muhammad was not just a religious leader; he was a political one as well. In other words, he held ultimate authority.

Emergence & Conquest

When Muhammad died with no son to succeed him, Muhammad's father-in-law, Abu Bakr, was chosen as his successor. With this, Bakr was given the title of caliph, or an Islamic political and religious leader.

During the reign of Bakr, Islam's influence spread quickly throughout the Arabian Peninsula and into the world. Much of this was due to the fact that many of the early Muslim leaders believed that war should be waged against those who were outside of the Islamic faith. These holy wars, known as jihads, were used to expand the power of Islam.

These jihads soon led to Islam defeating the powers of the Byzantine Empire to take over Syria around the year 640 AD. With the Byzantine Christians on the run and with the world realizing Islam was a force to be reckoned with, the emerging Arab-Islamic Empire controlled most of North Africa by about 642 AD. Making their military prowess even more impressive, they were able to conquer the once mighty Persian army of modern day Iran around the year 650 AD.

Golden Age

With a bit of the empires military conquests under our belts, we'll now discuss the Abbasid Dynasty, which ruled the Arab world from about 750 AD to 1258 AD. It was this empire that really saw the Arab-Islamic world take off as a center of culture and power.

Unlike the caliphs that came before them, the Abbasids' focus was not on conquering new lands. Rather than war, they were more interested in trade. With this, they moved the capital of their empire to Baghdad and succeeded in making it a bustling center of commerce and trade.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support