The Connection Between Food, Culture & Society

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: What Is the Chinese New Year?

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:03 Food, Culture, and Society
  • 1:06 Food and World Cultures
  • 2:44 Religion and Ritual
  • 3:35 Globalization
  • 3:59 Food and Society
  • 4:37 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Emily Cummins
In this lesson, we'll talk about connections among food, culture, and society. Food is important for our nutrition, but it also has important cultural and symbolic meanings that make it more than what's on our plates.

Food, Culture, and Society

Do you have childhood memories of eating a favorite food? Maybe you remember how you eagerly anticipated ending each holiday meal with your grandmother's sensational strawberry shortcake? Or how your Dad made Saturday mornings extra special by serving up his famous chocolate chip pancakes? If you stop and think about it, you probably associate some of your favorite foods with family memories.

Food is clearly important for nutrition, but it's also meaningful to humans in other ways. Think about it: we're the only mammals that cook our food. This makes our consumption of nutrients much different.

Culturally speaking, food is very important. Food can be nostalgic and provide important connections to our family or our nation. Food can be a bridge that helps immigrants find their place in a new society. Food can have a number of different meanings that might not be immediate to us when, for example, we take our first bite of our favorite dinner.

In this lesson, we'll talk about some of the ways in which food, culture, and society are connected.

Food and World Cultures

Think of the expression, to break bread with someone. This is referring to the way that food brings people together and is important in our relationships.

Anthropologist Margaret Mead famously wrote about how food is for gifting. What Mead meant by this is that food provides us with something more symbolic than simply nutrition (though that's certainly important). Food is meant to be exchanged and shared with family and friends. Let's look at how food and culture relate.

Cultural Heritage

Food provides an important link to our cultural heritage. Imagine an Italian grandmother who immigrated to the United States and is teaching her grandchildren, who have never been to Italy, how to make an authentic Italian meal. This is an important experience in maintaining connections to one's cultural heritage.

Food also has been used in less positive ways. For example, during periods of colonialism in Africa and other parts of the world, colonizers used food as a way to erase local cultures and incorporate local peoples into European systems of domination.

So, when you order from an Indian restaurant, you might not be eating something that is authentically Indian. Instead, it might be a dish that was introduced by British colonizers (chicken tikka masala is one example).


Cultures also differ in the types of habits they associate with food. For example, in some cultures, it is common to eat with your hands. In other places, however, this is considered rude. Or, at the very least, you'll get some odd looks from your dinner companions. Sometimes, finishing all of the food on your plate is considered polite, whereas in other contexts, it signals to your host that he or she did not feed you enough.

Religion and Ritual

Food is also tied to religion and ritual. In some religions, such as Hinduism, followers generally avoid eating meat, particularly cows, since they are considered sacred animals by many Hindu sects. Food can help us feel like we're part of a bigger group or that we have a special link to a particular community, like a religious group.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account