The Economic and Social Council of Spain

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  • 0:07 Spain's Economic and…
  • 0:41 History and Makeup
  • 1:30 Functions
  • 3:09 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christopher Sailus

Chris has an M.A. in history and taught university and high school history.

In this lesson, we explore the Economic and Social Council of Spain, including its history, composition, and role as the expert on employer-labor relations for the Spanish government.

Spain's Economic and Social Council

Whether it's at your workplace, on a group project, or with a group of volunteers, sometimes it's really helpful to have a meeting or form a planning team. This way, everyone gets up to date at the same time, and you can make sure you are all working toward a common goal. Many governments form teams and committees for this express purpose. In Spain, an entire council is devoted toward the important sectors of economy and labor relations. In this lesson, we will discover the history, duties, and functions of Spain's Economic and Social Council.

History and Makeup

Spain's Economic and Social Council was provided for in the Spanish Constitution of 1978. However, the Constitution did not set specific parameters for the creation of the Council, and it wasn't actually formed for over a decade. In 1991, a parliamentary law established the Economic and Social Council of Spain.

The Council is equally apportioned to various groups that represent the country's laborers, employers, and other organizations. A third of the Council is given to the country's largest trade unions and workers' organizations, apportioned according to membership size. A second third of the Council is given to the largest employers' organizations in the country, apportioned again according to membership size. The remaining third is made up of various specific labor organizations and a panel of socio-economic experts appointed by the government.


Together, the council members are required to provide a report and opinion on any legislation that affects workers, labor laws, and employers - virtually anything to do with the economy and the labor pool. The Council is also required to supply this opinion to any law enacted by presidential or executive decree that affects the same areas. And, the Council also must provide an opinion on legislation or presidential decrees that attempt to modify the composition or functions of the Council itself, such as removing the Council President from office or expanding the Council's purview.

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