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The Five Geographic Regions of Georgia

Instructor: Kamshia Childs

Dr. Childs has had a career in Education for thirteen years. She has 11 years of experience teaching grades 4-8, and presently works in Higher Education. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education, and a Master's and Doctoral degree in Curriculum and Instruction (Reading and Language Arts).

This lesson will explore the five distinct geographic regions in the state of Georgia. Each area has its own individual resources and features that make for a diverse landscape. From mountainous areas, to farmland, to beaches on the Atlantic coast, Georgia - the largest state east of the Mississippi River - has much to offer.

The Five Geographic Regions

Let's take a tour of Georgia! Along the way, brief descriptions of each region will be provided, and one or two symbols (souvenirs) will be collected to help with learning the differences between the five regions. Georgia, nicknamed the Peach State and boasting a state song titled Georgia on My Mind, has a wide array of scenery and geographic features unique to each region that will put a lot on your mind! We will observe exhilarating mountain views, visit the state capital and let our feet feel sandy beaches and crisp ocean waves, all in one lesson.

Tour the Five Regions

Stop #1: The Appalachian Plateau is located in the northwestern part of Georgia. The Appalachian Plateau is an area known for many beautiful views, hiking trails, and even caves in which adventurers can explore. A major landform in this region is Lookout Mountain. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. made the name of this mountain more familiar by including it in his famous I Have a Dream speech. Though Lookout Mountain covers three states, thirty-one miles are located in this region. Lookout Mountain's highest elevation in this region is 2,393 feet. If you were to grab a souvenir from this region, it would probably be recommended for it to be a postcard of the picturesque views. Bring your binoculars!

Stop #2: The Valley and Ridge area of Georgia is located southwest and northeast of the Appalachian Plateau. The ridges are an extension of the mountainous northwestern part of the state. The valleys, formed in between the mountains, create fertile soil that is perfect for the farming found throughout this region. There are two major valleys in this region - the Great Valley and the Chickamauga. Due to valleys, rivers and streams being in abundance, this region provides a backdrop full of wildlife such as numerous species of fish, turtles and tree frogs. The Coosa River basin (drains into the central valley) is known for having over 80 species of snails! Tread the same land that Confederate and Union soldiers used while passing through this area during the Civil War. It would be recommended that you bring a tent to the area for camping near one of the rivers or springs of the valley. Happy camping!

The Five Geographic Regions of Georgia
Georgia Regions

Stop #3: The Blue Ridge region of Georgia is in the far northern and eastern parts of the state. This is the southernmost extension of the Appalachian Mountain Range. The Blue Ridge region is a well-known, peaceful and scenic area with mountains, streams and lakes. The area is commonly used for camping and tourism. The highest mountain peaks in Georgia may be found in this region. The highest elevation (4,784 feet) is associated with Brasstown Bald, the tallest mountain in the state. Due to the region being so mountainous, it naturally became a major area for mining. Early settlers found out (as the saying goes) there was 'gold in the hills', and the second major gold rush in the U.S. took place in Dahlonega, Georgia in 1928. Bring a shovel and your mining tools! Take a ride on the Blue Ridge Scenic Railway or search for gold or any of the other minerals or rocks present in this area that is captivating enough to be the locale for several films.

Stop #4: The Piedmont region is a hilly area known for its red clay soil found in the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. This region holds the largest population within Georgia. The large population is due to a number of factors, but the primary reason is that the land is not as mountainous as other areas in the state and offers more opportunity for business and farming. Growing cotton was once a major source of income in this region. Now there are more cities. Atlanta (the state capital) is a modern urban area where major corporations such as Coca Cola, CNN, Delta Airlines and Home Depot call home. However, one does not have to travel far to experience a rural lifestyle.

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