Bethany is a certified Special Education and Elementary teacher with 11 years experience teaching Special Education from grades PK through 5. She has a Bachelor's degree in Special Education, Elementary Education, and English from Gordon College and a Master's degree in Special Education from Salem State University.
As a result of this lesson, students will be able to:
- Identify words that are opposites.
- State or demonstrate the opposite of a common word.
Demonstrate understanding of frequently occurring verbs and adjectives by relating them to their opposites (antonyms).
With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
Vocabulary and Phrases
- The Foot Book by Dr. Seuss
- Materials for writing and illustrating
Lesson Instructions and Activities
- Begin by reading The Foot Book by Dr. Seuss.
- What were the different types of feet in the book?
- Can you think of any other types of feet that could have been in the book?
- Introduce the idea of opposites. Go through the book again, looking for opposites.
- This kinesthetic activity presents the students with multiple examples of opposites.
- Put the students in pairs, and give each pair a different set of opposite words (hot/cold, tall/short, etc.)
- Give the pairs a couple minutes to plan. Then pairs take turns acting out their words in front or the class while classmates guess what opposite words are being portrayed.
Opposite Simon Says
- One student is ''Simon.'' Simon stands at the front of the class and gives and demonstrates a direction (put your hands up, sit down, march fast).
- Students respond by doing the opposite of what Simon said. Responding students could be the entire class, or one student at a time.
- For example, Simon says, ''Put your hands up,'' and everyone puts their hands down to the floor.
Create an Opposites Book
- As a class, choose a topic for a class book. The book will use opposites to describe an object, place or person. Dr. Seuss wrote about feet. You could choose another body part, an animal, a toy, or something relevant to your current curriculum in science or social studies.
- Each student should create a page that shows your topic in opposite settings or situations.
- For example, you decide as a class to write a Hand Book. One student might do fast hands/slow hands, another hot hands/cold hands, dry hands/wet hands, big hands/small hands, etc.
- Go for an ''Opposite Hunt'' walk. Take a walk around the school with a camera or with clipboards, and photograph or record the different opposites you find. (You may want to preview the walk to make sure you can pass some opposite situations.) There may be clean and dirty tables in the cafeteria, short and long books in the library, loud and quite music in the music room, etc. After the walk, make a collage of your findings to display on a bulletin board outside the classroom.
- For homework, have students find opposites home and bring objects or photographs of something they found for show and tell.
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