The Hundred Years' War Lesson Plan

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson plan gives you various discussion topics, questions, a quiz, and an activity that will help students better understand the Hundred Years' War.

Learning Objectives

After completion of this lesson, students should have the knowledge necessary to:

  • identify the nations involved in the Hundred Years' War
  • explain what led to the Hundred Years' War
  • outline the major battles that took place during the Hundred Years' War as well as their outcome and importance
  • understand how various weaponry and terrain influenced the outcome of the Hundred Years' War


60-90 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2

Determine a central idea of a text and analyze its development over the course of the text, including its relationship to supporting ideas; provide an objective summary of the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.8.1

Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 8 topics, texts, and issues, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.


  • Pasteboard
  • Internet access for research

Key Vocabulary

  • Hundred Years' War
  • Battle of Crecy
  • Battle of Poitiers
  • Battle of Agincourt
  • Battle of Castillon
  • Siege of Orleans
  • Joan of Arc
  • Longbow


  • Prior to coming to class, have the students watch or read the lesson The Hundred Years' War: England vs. France.
  • To start class, write the vocab on the board, taking a few minutes to discuss.
  • Now, watch the video as a class one more time. Pause at the following moments to allow for discussion of important topics and questions.
  • Pause at 1:15.
    • Which nations fought in the Hundred Years' War? When?
    • Discuss the events that led to the war
  • Pause at 2:40.
    • Where did the Battle of Crecy occur?
    • Why were the French defeated?
  • Pause at 3:28.
    • When did the Battle of Poitiers occur and why?
    • Who won this battle and how/why?
  • Pause at 4:06.
    • When was the Battle of Agincourt fought? Where was it fought?
    • How did the terrain affect the outcome of the battle?

Mini Activity

  • Have the students study the various weapons the English and French used, including longbows, crossbows, and guns. This can also include a study of armor and horses.
  • Each student can create a pasteboard detailing the advantages and disadvantages of each weapon and how that may have shaped the outcome of any battle of their choosing.

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