The Impact of Oral Language on Reading Development

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Emergent Literacy: Definition, Theories & Characteristics

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:00 Oral Language and Reading
  • 1:01 Oral Language Acquisition
  • 3:02 Impact on Reading Development
  • 4:54 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

Oral language skills are fundamentally connected to the ability to learn reading. In this lesson, explore the direct links between oral language and reading development, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Oral Language and Reading

If you are watching this video, I'm assuming a few things about you. One, you probably understand the English language well enough to comprehend what I'm saying. Two, you probably learned to read at some point. Good for you. Obviously, both speaking and reading are important parts of our daily lives, but these skills, like everything else we do, had to be learned. How did we learn them? Very often, we learn them together. Studies have shown, almost without exception, that oral language development is one of the biggest factors on learning to read. In fact, kindergarten students with lower oral language skills may have up to four to five times more difficulty learning to read than their peers. So, it's a big deal. Let's talk about it. Just remember that you're only able to do this because it's something you were once able to learn.

Oral Language Acquisition

Before we look at the impacts of oral language on reading, I think we should start by talking about oral language itself. Basically, oral language refers to the skills needed to properly communicate a spoken language. This is more than just talking. It means understanding the basics of phonology (sounds used within a language), vocabulary (words), grammar (construction of sentences), morphology (formation of words), pragmatics (proper use of language), and discourse (using language to communicate). Those are the six basic components of oral language. Now obviously, we don't expect children to be able to recognize when they are applying phonology versus morphology, but we do expect them to learn the basic sounds used in our language. We expect them to know when to say please and thank you, how to form words into a sentence to ask for something, and to be able to comprehend the things we say to them.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support