Copyright

The Kids for Cash Scandal in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Prison-Industrial Complex: Definition, Facts & Statistics

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 A Brief History
  • 1:26 Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
  • 1:46 Kids for Cash Scandal
  • 2:21 What Happened?
  • 4:00 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Millicent Kelly

Millicent has been teaching at the university level since 2004. She holds a Bachelor's degree in Criminal Justice and a Master's degree in Human Resources.

When we think of the juvenile justice system, most of us believe it is rooted in fairness. In this lesson, we will see that this is not always the case. The Kids for Cash Scandal in Pennsylvania is a prime example of juvenile justice gone wrong.

A Brief History

Until just over a century ago, there was one justice system that dealt with both adults and minors. Around this time it was recognized that the justice system should be adapted for juveniles, and the juvenile justice system was born. In it's beginnings, the emphasis of this justice system for minors was on rehabilitation and providing treatment to offenders so that they could re-enter society and become productive citizens. For this reason, and still today, the names of minors who enter the juvenile justice system are kept confidential. In turn, this allows them to eventually be returned to society without a label.

As the years went by, however, the states all developed their own juvenile justice systems and protocol associated with these systems. As crimes increased, the focus of the juvenile justice system moved from being primarily rehabilitative to more punitive in nature. Statutes were enacted that allowed juveniles to be prosecuted in adult criminal courts, especially for more heinous and sinister offenses. However, the American public believed in the fairness of the system and protecting the rights and liberties of those who entered it. Unfortunately this all changed in 2007, when someone reported a string of juvenile convictions in Luzerne County, Pennsylvania - convictions that simply did not make much sense.

Luzerne County, Pennsylvania

Luzerne County is located in the state of Pennsylvania and has just under 320,000 residents. It is one of the larger counties in Pennsylvania and attracts visitors for it's natural beauty and landscape. The unassuming nature of Luzerne County was shattered, however, when a scandal was uncovered in 2007.

Kids for Cash Scandal

Following a phone call alleging concerns about Luzerne County's juvenile justice system, an investigation was initiated in 2007. It was eventually discovered that for a five-year period beginning in 2003, the rights of juvenile offenders processed through the system had been severely violated. Known as the Kids for Cash Scandal the scheme involved two Luzerne County judges, Judge Mark Ciavarelli and Judge Michael Conahan. In addition, two private developers of juvenile detention facilities in Luzerne were also involved.

What Happened?

The Kids for Cash Scandal involved encouraging juveniles and their parents to waive procedural safeguards after entering the juvenile justice system under false pretense that their cases would be resolved more efficiently. Instead, juveniles who committed minor offenses were sentenced to ridiculously severe punishments that were to be served out in select juvenile detention facilities. The following offers some real case examples of the offenses and punishments that were handed out:

  • A teenage girl was sent to a detention facility for making fun of a school administrator on a social media page
  • A boy in his teens was accused of throwing a piece of food at his stepfather and was ordered to be detained for almost 20 days
  • A 14-year-old boy who intervened in an incident of bullying and defended the victim physically was sentenced to 90 days in a juvenile detention facility

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support