Lord of the Flies & Freudian Psychology Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan helps teachers teach students about Freudian psychology in William Golding's ''Lord of the Flies''. Students will learn about the three components of personality according to Freudian psychology and how these components manifest in the characters of the story.

Learning Objectives

After completing this lesson about Freudian psychology in Lord of the Flies, students will be able to:

  • Describe the key components of a person's psyche according to Sigmund Freud.
  • Compare characters in Lord of the Flies to the id, ego, and superego.
  • Make text-to-self, text-to-text, and text-to-world connections.


90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards


Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper).


Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.


  • Conscience
  • Ego
  • Empathize
  • Id
  • Instinctive
  • Pragmatic
  • Primal
  • Psyche
  • Superego
  • Superstition


  • Copies of quiz
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Pens
  • Paper
  • Copies of Lord of the Flies by William Golding

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