Lord of the Flies Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Help students understand theme and deeper points for the novel 'Lord of the Flies' with this video lesson plan. Students ask and answer questions and summarize events, then play a game to reinforce concepts.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • summarize plot points from the book Lord of the Flies
  • identify theme in Lord of the Flies
  • ask and answer questions for the novel Lord of the Flies
  • analyze characters in Lord of the Flies


  • 1 hour


  • Index cards
  • Copies of the book Lord of the Flies by William Golding

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1

Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2

Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an objective summary of the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3

Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.10

By the end of grade 9, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, in the grades 9-10 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.


NOTE: This lesson is designed for classes who have read the book.

  • Engage students by asking them a series of questions (on any relevant topic, such as students, sports, or events at school) Jeopardy!-style, having them answer in the form of a questions.
  • Tell students they will be reviewing, summarizing, and analyzing the novel Lord of the Flies. Have them locate their copy of the book and notebooks, then start the video lesson The Lord of the Flies: Summary, Themes & Analysis.
  • Pause at 3:48. Ask the following questions, allowing students to locate text evidence to support their answers:
    • How did the boys' interactions at the beginning of the novel differ than those at the end?
    • How did the boys' interactions at the beginning of the novel predict their later interactions?
  • Review and discuss the term 'character traits.' Have students describe characters, using descriptive terms. Ask:
    • Which characters changed throughout the novel? Did they all?
    • How did characters change?
    • If you were one of the boys on the island, what would you have done? What impact would the events have had on your life?
  • Restart the video. With students' help, list the themes on the board. Ask:
    • Which theme was most prevalent? How?
    • Which characters helped you to understand these themes?
    • How did character's actions contribute to these themes developing?

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