The Nile Valley Lesson Plan

Instructor: Tammy Galloway

Tammy teaches business courses at the post-secondary and secondary level and has a master's of business administration in finance.

The Nile River Valley was one of the earliest sites for human civilization. Use this lesson plan to help you provide a road map that explores two societies given life by the river. With it, students will watch a video, participate in discussion questions, complete a research activity, and take a quiz.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Geographically identify the Nile River
  • Describe the benefits of settling on the Nile River
  • Discuss the economic and cultural impact of human settlement on the Nile River Valley


60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.2

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RH.11-12.3

Evaluate various explanations for actions or events and determine which explanation best accords with textual evidence, acknowledging where the text leaves matters uncertain.

Determine two or more central ideas in a text and analyze their development over the course of the text; provide an objective summary of the text.



  • Ask students to activate prior knowledge through a discussion on what they know about the Nile River. Then tell students they are going to learn more about settlement on the Nile River by watching a video.
  • Begin the The Ancient Nile Valley: Civilizations, Region & Facts video lesson.
  • Pause the lesson at 00:43 to ask students these questions:
    • How were rivers utilized in the ancient world?
    • What does 'sedentary' mean?
  • Restart the video, pause at 2:07, then ask students to:
    • Describe how the Nile Valley was formed.
    • Discuss why settlement occurred near the river.
  • Restart the video, pause at 03:16, and ask students these questions:
    • Which of the world's oldest civilizations settled in the Nile River Valley?
    • How many years encompass three millennia?
    • Which of the world's seven wonders is located near the Nile?
  • Play the remainder of the lesson and pose the following questions:
    • How was ancient Nubian culture different from ancient Egypt?
    • Explain the importance of a writing system and identify the culture who utilized it best.
  • Distribute paper copies of the lesson's quiz. Have students work in pairs to complete the quiz.
  • Go over the answers to the quiz as a class to ensure understanding before moving on.

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