Back To Course

Algebra I: High School20 chapters | 168 lessons | 1 flashcard set

Are you a student or a teacher?

Start Your Free Trial To Continue Watching

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.

Free 5-day trial
Your next lesson will play in
10 seconds

Lesson Transcript

Instructor:
*Jennifer Beddoe*

Raising a number to the power of zero is not the same as if the exponent is a number other than zero. This lesson will explain the rule involving using zero as an exponent and will give some examples of how it works.

The number zero is like one of those quirky people that you know that doesn't do things in quite the same way as everybody else. You know the type I'm talking about; they just march to the beat of a different drummer. Well, zero is the math world's version of that person. The number zero just doesn't work the same as all the other numbers. It follows its own set of rules.

Exponents are superscript numbers whose purpose is to state how many times a number should be multiplied to itself.

Here you can see the number 2 with an exponent of three - or, most commonly, 2 to the third power. What it means is 2 multiplied to itself three times, or 2 * 2 * 2.

Exponents can also be written using a **carat** ^, which would look like 2^3 and would mean the same thing: 2 * 2 * 2.

Here's another example.

*x*^6 = *x * x * x * x * x * x*

Exponents work the same with both numbers and variables.

However, as usual, zero is different. When used as an exponent, it does not work the same as other numbers.

The rule for zero as an exponent is that any number or variable (except zero itself) raised to the 0 power is equal to 1.

For example:

4^0 = 1

*b*^0 = 1

478^0 = 1

It's one thing for me to tell you that any number raised to the zero power is equal to one, but what if you didn't believe me? Well, here's the proof.

We need to start by looking at the rule for multiplying exponents.

*n*^3 * *n*^4 = (*n*n*n*) * (*n*n*n*n*) = *n*^7

*n*^6 * *n*^2 = (*n*n*n*n*n*n*) * (*n*n*) = *n*^8

Did you notice a shortcut in that? As long as the bases are the same, to multiply any two terms with exponents, just add the exponents. Since math is a logical study, most rules work the same in all cases. So, let's try with a zero exponent.

*x*^4 * *x*^0 = *x*^(4+0) = *x*^4

As you can see, nothing changed. So we need to ask ourselves the question, what is the only number that when you multiply something by it, nothing changes?

The only answer to that question is 1. When you multiply something by 1, it does not change. So the only thing to conclude with our example above is that *x*^0 = 1

*x*^4 * *x*^0 = *x*^4

*x*^4 * 1 = *x*^4

Therefore, *x*^0 = 1

This pattern plays out no matter what numbers or variables we use, so we can say that any term (except zero) raised to the zero power is equal to one.

Here's another proof for those skeptics out there. Let's look at this pattern:

3^5 = 243

3^4 = 81

3^3 = 27

3^2 = 9

3^1 = 3

Do you notice a pattern? Each solution is the previous solution divided by 3.

243/3 = 81

81/3 = 27

And so on and so on.

So, if we take the pattern one step further, we will see what happens.

3^1 = 3

3^0 = *?*

The solution to 3^0 will be the previous solution divided by 3, so

3/3 = 1

Therefore, 3^0 = 1

Again, this pattern will work with any term or variable (except zero) that you perform the pattern with.

You may have noticed that each time I say 'any number or variable' I add the qualifier 'except zero.' That is because, as we have been saying throughout the lesson, zero marches to its own beat. Zero raised to the zero power is not 1; it is undefined. This is because there are just too many inconsistencies when you try to prove that 0^0 is equal to anything.

The number zero is unlike any other number. It does not behave like anything else. Any number or variable raised to the zero power will equal one. This rule is true for all numbers and variables except for zero, which plays by its own rules again. Zero to the zero power is undefined.

After watching this lesson, you should be able to discuss the rule of zero as an exponent and apply it to examples similar to the ones above.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.

Create your account

Are you a student or a teacher?

Already a member? Log In

BackDid you know… We have over 160 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

You are viewing lesson
Lesson
7 in chapter 5 of the course:

Back To Course

Algebra I: High School20 chapters | 168 lessons | 1 flashcard set

- How to Use Exponential Notation 2:44
- Scientific Notation: Definition and Examples 6:49
- Simplifying and Solving Exponential Expressions 7:27
- Exponential Expressions & The Order of Operations 4:36
- Multiplying Exponential Expressions 4:07
- Dividing Exponential Expressions 4:43
- The Power of Zero: Simplifying Exponential Expressions 5:11
- Power of Powers: Simplifying Exponential Expressions 3:33
- Go to High School Algebra: Exponents and Exponential Expressions

- Understanding & Influencing Consumer Behavior
- DSST Ethics in Technology
- DSST Introduction to Geology: Practice & Study Guide
- Chemistry 304: Organic Chemistry II
- ILTS Information Guide
- Contemporary Issues & Influences in Education
- Technological Issues in Education
- FSA - Grade 6 ELA: Poetry Analysis
- Mapping the Earth
- Professional Issues in Education
- Texas Teacher Certification Test Limit Waiver
- AFOQT Cost
- What Does the HESI A2 Nursing Exam Consist of?
- How to Learn Pharmacology for NCLEX
- What Are Considered Higher-Level Questions on the NCLEX?
- How to Study for NCLEx in 2 Weeks
- How Hard Is the ASVAB

- Rain Sticks: History & Purpose
- Technology in Physical Education
- Fundamental & Dynamic Movement Skills
- How Physical Activity Changes Throughout Life
- The Future of Networking: Trends & Challenges
- Effects of Family Structure in Consumer Behavior
- Practical Application: Dealing with Abusive Customers
- Layers in the TCP/IP Network Stack: Function & Purpose
- Quiz & Worksheet - Assessing Student Fitness & Physical Education Skills
- Quiz & Worksheet - Delivering Instructional Feedback in Physical Education
- Quiz & Worksheet - Cerebellar Atrophy
- Quiz & Worksheet - Classes in Java
- Quiz & Worksheet - API Basics
- Flashcards - Measurement & Experimental Design
- Flashcards - Stars & Celestial Bodies

- Major Events in World History Study Guide
- Pathophysiology Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans
- GACE Health & Physical Education (615): Practice & Study Guide
- Smarter Balanced Assessments - ELA Grade 11: Test Prep & Practice
- Business Math Curriculum Resource & Lesson Plans
- The Federal Bureaucracy in the U.S. Lesson Plans
- Chapter 10: The Byzantine Empire and Russia (330 - 1613)
- Quiz & Worksheet - Using the General Term of an Arithmetic Sequence
- Quiz & Worksheet - Lindbergh & 1920s Airlines
- Quiz & Worksheet - Properties & Types of Quadrilaterals
- Quiz & Worksheet - Properties of the Hypotenuse
- Quiz & Worksheet - Same-Side Interior Angles

- Understanding Performance Art: Finding the Thesis, Narrative & Meaning
- Williams v. Florida: Case Summary & Importance
- Common Core State Standards in Maryland
- Easter Activities for Kids
- What Looks Good on a College Application?
- Computer Projects for Kids
- Finding Summer Teaching Opportunities
- Aerospace Engineering Scholarships for High School
- Books Every English Major Should Read
- Homeschooling in Maryland
- Halloween Math Games
- How to Pass 6th Grade

- Tech and Engineering - Videos
- Tech and Engineering - Quizzes
- Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers

Browse by subject