The Ramones: History & Songs

Instructor: Benjamin Olson
This lesson will discuss the history and cultural significance of the Ramones. We will learn why punk rock was so revolutionary in the mid-1970s and assess the influence that the Ramones had on future generations of bands.

The Ramones: Punk Rock Originators

The Ramones are, to put it bluntly, one of the most important rock bands of all time. The euphoric, stripped down version of rock'n'roll that the Ramones championed in the mid-1970s was brilliant in its simplicity. Although the term punk did not really exist when the band came bursting out of Forest Hills, Queens in 1974, the Ramones certainly are one of the most important influences for punk music, and many people consider them to be the first real punk band.

Rejecting the Rock Stars

In the 1960s, rock music experienced an artistic splintering. Psychedelic rock bands like Grateful Dead and Frank Zappa moved away from the pop-friendly sounds of the early 1960s and towards a more free-form, jazz influenced sound. The Beatles and the Beach Boys were being hailed as rock geniuses and rock music more generally was taken more seriously by music critics. Even the most revered jazz artists like Miles Davis were dabbling in rock'n'roll.

By the early 1970s, progressive rock was becoming the flavor of the era, particularly in the UK. Bands were expected to have lofty concept albums, virtuosic musicianship, and high art pretensions. Major rock bands like the Rolling Stones, Yes, and Pink Floyd were placed on pedestals, high above the audience, the archetype of the god-like rock star.

The Ramones, and the punk rock movement that they spawned, attacked this notion of the semi-divine rock star and the high art pretentions of mainstream rock. Whereas progressive rock bands were composing increasingly more baroque songs, producing the most deliberately complex music that they could devise, the Ramones wrote short, intense, three chord ditties that got straight to the point. Speed, intensity, and simplicity replaced the grand ambitions of other rock music of the 1970s and for many it was an exhilarating breath of fresh air.

the Ramones, 1976
Ramones

The Ramones seemed more like a gang than a rock band in the 1970s. The members changed their names so that all members shared the same last name: Joey Ramone on lead vocals, Johnny Ramone on guitar, Dee Dee Ramone on bass, and Tommy Ramone on drums. They wore leather jackets, jeans, and unkempt, long hair. Instead of playing huge stadiums, the Ramones specialized in small, packed clubs, most significantly, CBGB in Manhattan's East Village. CBGB would remain the epicenter of the New York punk world until its closure in 2006.

CBGB, famous punk rock hot spot
cbgb

HEY! HO! LET'S GO!

In 1976, the Ramones released their self-titled debut album. Driving, spartan, and unpretentious, 'Ramones' seems to harken back to a pre-1960s version of rock'n'roll, while simultaneously sounding like something completely new. Opening track 'Blitzkrieg Bop' begins with a very simple three chord guitar line, before unleashing the iconic opening line that would become a battle cry for both the Ramones and the punk movement more generally: HEY! HO! Let's Go!. 'Blitzkrieg Bop' crashes into the listener like a tidal wave. The joyous energy of 'Blitzkrieg Bob' is undeniable and it would remain a live staple for the rest of the band's career. 'Ramones' also contained numerous other classic songs like 'Judy is a Punk,' 'Now I Want to Sniff Some Glue,' and 'I Wanna Be Your Boyfriend.' The longest song on the album is 2:35, and the entire record clocks in at less than 30 minutes.

No Future: The Ramones' Influence on the British Punk Scene

The Ramones toured the UK in 1976 and left a significant impression on the angry, disillusioned young people who saw them. Among those whose lives and careers would be indelibly changed by this event are the members of the Clash, the Sex Pistols, and the Damned. These bands, along with numerous others, would go on to establish the British punk movement of the late 1970s. The Ramones created the bare-bones, intense sound of punk rock, but the British bands of the late 1970s, especially the Sex Pistols, created the look, ideology, and subcultural style of punk.

The Sex Pistols, 1977
Sex Pistols

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