The Role of Motivation in Self-Regulated Learning Video

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  • 0:05 Introduction to…
  • 1:25 Self-Regulation as a Process
  • 1:56 Dimensions of Self-Regulation
  • 3:23 Self-Regulation Cycle
  • 5:24 Influences on Self-Regulation
  • 7:14 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Melissa Hurst
Do you monitor and evaluate your own learning? Do you alter the way you study based on performance on assessments? If so, you are engaging in self-regulation practices and, by doing so, increasing the likelihood of academic achievement. This lesson will define self-regulation, discuss the cyclical process of self-regulation and explore methods to promote self-regulation in the classroom.

Introduction to Self-Regulation

Ideal student: 'You look upset. That is probably not the grade you were expecting. Do you ever try to evaluate the way you are learning to see if there might be a better way?'

Less-than-ideal student: 'What are you talking about?'

Ideal student: 'I'm talking about the process of self-regulation. Haven't you heard of it before?'

Self-Regulation Defined

Self-regulation is the process in which students activate, take control of and evaluate their own learning.

Self-regulation is not the same as motivation. Although motivation and self-regulation share some common elements, there are some critical differences. In motivation, choice (specifically referring to autonomy and control over the situation) does not have to be central to the construct. Self-regulation, however, requires some degree of choice or intentional selection of strategies designed to help the learner achieve a goal or behavior.

Self-regulated learners:

  • Are aware of their strengths and weaknesses
  • Utilize metacognitive strategies, for example, questioning one's learning and monitoring one's learning, to approach academic tasks
  • Attribute their success or failure to factors within their control

Self-Regulation as a Process

Self-regulation is a cyclical process. Students who are motivated to reach a certain goal will engage in self-regulatory activities they feel will help them achieve that goal. The self-regulation promotes learning, which leads to a perception of greater competence, which sustains motivation toward the goal and to future goals. The specific stages of self-regulation will be covered more in-depth later in this lesson.

Dimensions of Self-Regulation

Researchers identified three critical dimensions, or characteristics, of self-regulation:

  • Self-observation
  • Self-judgment
  • Self-reaction

Self-observation refers to the deliberate monitoring of one's activities. Self-observation may take the form of recording frequency, duration or quality of a behavior. Self-observation is also critical to the regulation of performance. Self-observation may also lead to higher motivation.

For example, if you realize your study habits were causing you to perform poorly on these tests, you may adjust the way you study, leading to higher test grades and more motivation to continue to improve your study habits.

A second critical dimension of self-regulation is self-judgment. Self-judgment refers to evaluating one's current performance levels compared to the goal level.

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