The Runaway by Robert Frost Lesson Plan

Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

This lesson plan introduces students to personification. Students will analyze theme and personification in 'The Runaway,' then explore other examples of personification. They will conclude with a writing project.

Learning Objectives

As a result of this lesson, the students will be able to:

  • define personification and identify the use of personification in the poem ''The Runaway.''
  • identify themes for the poem ''The Runaway.''
  • write a narrative or poem containing personification.


  • 1-2 hours

Curriculum Standards


Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.


Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.


Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Vocabulary and Phrases

  • figurative language
  • personification
  • theme


  • a copy of the poem ''The Runaway'' by Robert Frost, one for each student
  • copies of several poems that contain personification

Lesson Instructions/Activities

Read and Discuss the Poem

  • Distribute copies of the poem ''The Runaway'' to all students. Give students time to read the poem aloud to a partner.
  • Begin discussion of the poem with some preliminary questions. Students might discuss these questions with their partners, then share ideas as a class.
    • What do we know about the narrator of the poem?
    • What do we know about the horse?
    • What is a possible theme or message of this poem?
    • Where do you see figurative language in this poem?
  • Read the lesson Robert Frost's The Runaway: Summary, Analysis & Message.
  • Discuss:
    • How does this article's description of the poem's theme compare with your ideas?
    • Find lines in the poem that demonstrate personification.
  • Check for understanding using this quiz or worksheet.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account