The Runaway by Robert Frost Lesson Plan

Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

This lesson plan introduces students to personification. Students will analyze theme and personification in 'The Runaway,' then explore other examples of personification. They will conclude with a writing project.

Learning Objectives

As a result of this lesson, the students will be able to:

  • define personification and identify the use of personification in the poem ''The Runaway.''
  • identify themes for the poem ''The Runaway.''
  • write a narrative or poem containing personification.

Length

  • 1-2 hours

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.2

Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.3.D

Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.W.5.10

Write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.

Vocabulary and Phrases

  • figurative language
  • personification
  • theme

Materials

  • a copy of the poem ''The Runaway'' by Robert Frost, one for each student
  • copies of several poems that contain personification

Lesson Instructions/Activities

Read and Discuss the Poem

  • Distribute copies of the poem ''The Runaway'' to all students. Give students time to read the poem aloud to a partner.
  • Begin discussion of the poem with some preliminary questions. Students might discuss these questions with their partners, then share ideas as a class.
    • What do we know about the narrator of the poem?
    • What do we know about the horse?
    • What is a possible theme or message of this poem?
    • Where do you see figurative language in this poem?
  • Read the lesson Robert Frost's The Runaway: Summary, Analysis & Message.
  • Discuss:
    • How does this article's description of the poem's theme compare with your ideas?
    • Find lines in the poem that demonstrate personification.
  • Check for understanding using this quiz or worksheet.

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