The Russian Revolution Lesson Plan for Elementary School

Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

With this lesson, your students are going to learn about the causes and effects of the Russian Revolution. They will interact with this information by composing a set of poems that explores themes of the time period.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Explain the sequence of events leading to the Russian Revolution
  • Discuss the motivations and impacts of the Russian Revolution
  • Utilize creative writing and performance to interact with historic subjects


90-120 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.


Engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly.


Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. (Grade-specific expectations for writing types are defined in standards 1-3 above.)



  • Ask students if they have ever heard of a tsar.
    • What does a tsar do? What country used to have a tsar? Where is Russia located? When did Russia stop having tsars?
  • Hand out copies of the lesson Russian Revolution Lesson for Kids: Facts & Timeline.
  • You will read this lesson as a class, with one student reading aloud at a time and switching the reader every paragraph. Using this method, read the sections ''What was the Russian Revolution?'' and ''What Led to the Revolution?'' Pause here to discuss this information as a class:
    • What was life like in Russia in the early 20th century? What else was happening around the world at this time? What were some of the major events that led to the Russian Revolution?
    • Why do you think Tsar Nicholas was resistant to give up much of his power or reform the laws?
    • What does a legislative body do? Russia called its legislative body the Duma. Do legislative bodies have other names in different countries? Can you think of any other countries with a model similar to what Russia was trying to establish by dividing power between a monarch and a legislative body?
  • As a class, read the remainder of the lesson and discuss:
    • What was the purpose of the February Revolution? What was the purpose of the October Revolution? How are they similar? How are they different?
    • How do you think the experiences of the early 20th century and World War I impacted the motivations and goals of the Russian Revolution? Why do you think communism began to be seen as a good alternative to having a king?
  • You may test student understanding with the Lesson Quiz.

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