The Self: Executive and Organizational Functions & Gender and Cultural Differences

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Introspection and Self-Awareness Theory in Psychology: Definition & Examples

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:05 The Self
  • 1:27 The Executive Function
  • 2:31 The Organizational Function
  • 3:51 Gender & Culture & The Self
  • 5:03 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed

Recommended Lessons and Courses for You

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

How people view themselves has a lot to do with how they view the world around them. This lesson looks at the self, including its executive and organizational functions and gender and cultural differences in constructing a self-image.

The Self

When someone says, 'Tell me about yourself,' how do you respond? When you look at a photo of you and your friends, can you pick out which one is you? What makes you different from the other people around you?

All of these questions deal with the self. In psychology, the self is the idea that you are separate and different from other people. At the most basic level, recognizing that you have a self involves realizing that you inhabit a different body than other people. But of course, there's much more involved in constructing your sense of self. All of our emotions, behaviors, and thoughts go into determining who we are.

Experiences, values, and beliefs are an important part of constructing a concept of who you are as well. Even things like what you do for a living, what music you listen to, and how you like to relax help determine what makes you, you.

Considering that every part of you and your life contributes to your sense of self, you'd probably guess that it's pretty important. But, why is it so important to have a self-concept?

There are two major functions of the self. That is, there are two things that the idea of a self does for us. In psychology, these functions are called the executive function and the organizational function. Let's look at each one a little more closely.

The Executive Function

The executive function of the self refers to the way that our concept of self helps us regulate our behavior. In other words, the executive function of the self is to keep us on track.

Think about it like this: Jane loves her friend Carrie's necklace and really wants it for herself. But, the necklace belongs to Carrie.

There are two aspects of Jane's idea of herself that keep Jane from taking the necklace:

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support