The Treatment Room in a Veterinary Clinic

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  • 0:01 The Treatment Room
  • 0:57 What You'll Find in…
  • 1:53 Procedures in the…
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson will describe an area in the veterinary hospital that's called the treatment room, how it differs from the operating room, and what procedures are performed there.

The Treatment Room

Just about every single veterinary clinic and hospital, large and small, will have what's known as the treatment room, a room or area in the hospital where some relatively minor diagnostic and treatment procedures will occur. The treatment room is typically an area of the hospital located where the public and clientele are not allowed access without approval and supervision.

The treatment room is not the same thing as the OR, the operating room. The operating room is where major surgical procedures, like gastrointestinal surgery, fracture repair, and ovariohysterectomies, occur. An ovariohysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries. Most commonly in veterinary medicine it's known as a spay.

This lesson will take a look at some of the common elements of the treatment room as well as what procedures are performed.

What You'll Find in the Treatment Room

While the details of what's located in the treatment room varies from hospital to hospital, you can be sure some things are going to be basically the same. The treatment room will have a treatment table where patients can be placed. Specialized lighting is often found nearby to help medical staff see a bit better. There are plenty of cabinets and drawers that are stocked with medication, bandaging material, antiseptic solutions, and medical instruments. You'll probably also see an IV drip, which can be used for many things, from cleaning wounds to providing fluid therapy during a dental procedure.

Actually, dental procedures are commonly performed in the treatment room, not in the operating room. That's why you'll occasionally see an anesthetic machine in the treatment room as well, since veterinary patients don't like to sit still for a thorough dental procedure and might end up hurting themselves and staff if they're not properly anesthetized.

Procedures in the Treatment Room

So now you know at least two procedures that occur in the treatment room: dental prophylaxis and wound lavage, the cleaning of a wound by irrigating it with a solution. Another thing that can occur in the treatment area is giving an animal medication. This may mean you have to give the medication through their mouth when you give a pill or through an injection when you use a needle and syringe.

When animals come in with a small amount of dehydration, they can be taken back to the treatment room and be given subcutaneous fluids. Subcutaneous means 'under the skin,' where 'sub-' means 'under' and '-cutaneous' refers to skin. Bandages are often changed in the treatment room, and diagnostic samples, such as blood draws, are taken.

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